Reggio Emilia’s educational philosophy compares the environment to
“child’s third teacher”
A kindergarten that allows for sufficient exploration
can make children a true active constructor of knowledge rather than a passive teaching objective
Entrance of the kindergarten ©舟山绿城
Since 2013, GOA has successively completed four educational buildings in Zhoushan city, including Zhoushan Greentown Yuhua Kindergarten. Located in Changzhi Island, Dinghai district, Zhoushan city, it is designed for children aged between 1.5 and 6 with 18 classes. GOA undertook the integrated design of architecture and landscape.
Bird’s eye view ©goa大象设计
Three-dimensional amusement park: continuous and flowing circulation system
Based on children’s behavioral patterns, architects and teaching management team have conducted sufficient project research, and then designed a public space with interweaved paths for children’s active nature. The circular flow line unite the classroom and office space into a whole, while creating an interesting walking experience. The enclosed layout of the kindergarten forms a small playground in the center, which is a place for teachers and children to gather and make social interactions. The elevated entrance on the ground floor makes the interface open and bright, and the inward space a good view for supervising.
The multi-storey inward terraces form a good atmosphere for social interactions and clear view for supervising ©goa大象设计
▼屋顶活动场地实景，Roof activity space ©goa大象设计
All classrooms distributed on three floors are arranged on the south and east sides of the site. The indoor and outdoor spaces of the building are connected by terraces at each floor, forming plenty of outdoor areas for teachers and children to play. The winding circulation system connects the whole building, so that children can play without turning back in the whole park. The path leads to the roof, where children can overlook the city. Various forms of vertical circulation space are full of fun, waiting for them to explore and discover independently.
The building has three floors, with indoor and outdoor spaces connected by the terraces of each floor ©goa大象设计
The corridor under the eaves and the stilt space on the first floor acts as a link, connecting a series of functional blocks, and also integrates the entrance, playground, and peripheral activity spaces into a whole, eliminating the partition caused by the enclosed layout. The ground of various materials is organically combined, connected by a unified pavement of animal toe pattern, and penetrates into the surrounding landscape.The special-shaped tree pools and surrounding activity equipment are custom-designed, including tree houses, climbing facilities and interactive water features, allowing children to receive environmental education such as plants recognition while playing.
Based on the characteristics of children’s physical and mental development such as height and physical activity duration, architects and landscape designers focus on the implementation of site safety, functional diversity and spatial integrity in the integrated design. Meanwhile, in the construction drawing stage, the adoption of modular design also effectively helps the cost control.
Transparent interface between indoor and outdoor spaces ©goa大象设计
The transparent interface between indoor and outdoor spaces enables children to enjoy varied landscapes from a lower viewpoint, and the courtyard landscape penetrates into the interior, creating an open space effect, and is also more conducive to care. The dynamic overall form and circulation system are organically interweaved to satisfy a variety of teacher-child interaction and personalized teaching needs. It is like an enlarged naughty castle that children are fond of.
▼内庭院立面实景，Facade facing the courtyard ©goa大象设计
▼公共空间强调自然光线的引入，Public space emphasizes the introduction of natural light ©goa大象设计
▼特色教室外侧设置有户外平台，A terrace is set outside the themed classroom ©goa大象设计
Fun, safety and integrity: integrated design of landscape and architecture
For Zhoushan Greentown Yuhua Kindergarten, GOA led the integrated design of landscape and architecture. The design team focuses on the needs of children’s interpersonal communication, creative cognition, and amusement equipment, and makes full use of the overall organization of architecture and landscape to build an ecological, natural, lively, diverse and multi-dimensional activity place.
Southeast facade ©goa大象设计
A detailed scene of the project ©goa大象设计
The teaching building provides classrooms with multiple themes, such as block building, ocean, baking and drama, which are mainly distributed at the intersections of multiple paths. While improving circulation efficiency, it also offers diversified routes, thus fitting in with children’s psychological characteristics of curiosity for novelty, and bringing more positive impact on teaching.
Circulation diagram (Gif) ©goa大象设计
“Generative” classroom: let children’s 100 languages occur naturally
Generative teaching refers to paying full attention to the diversity of teacher-child interaction and the complexity of teaching environment. Its core requirement for teaching environment is to provide as diverse and changeable space as possible.
▼一层大厅室内空间实景，Indoor space of the hall on the first floor ©舟山绿城
▼公共区，public area ©goa大象设计
Architects hoped to create a space that supports generative teaching and stimulates children to explore independently and acquire fantasy experiences in the real world naturally. The peaceful and bright background and simple spatial form not only induce a sense of comfort, but also provide support for the constantly changing teaching content. Reality and fantasy, playing and learning are not diametrically opposed here, but occur and change naturally.
The peaceful and bright background and simple spatial form induce a sense of comfort ©舟山绿城 / goa大象设计
Natural light is introduced into the public transport system ©goa大象设计
The themed classrooms at the corner of each public space is designed with natural light in mind. The introduction of light signals space transition and time change. Children are encouraged to be explorers and constructors rather than teaching objectives.The common desire of architects and kindergarten leaders is not only to provide toys for children, but to guide them to use their bodies to feel the rich information contained in the environment and explore space, light and materials.
▼STEAM教室，STEAM classroom ©舟山绿城
▼手工教室，DIY classroom ©舟山绿城
▼阅读室，Reading Room ©舟山绿城
▼转角处的功能教室实景，Functional classroom at the corner ©舟山绿城
▼会议室 ，meeting room ©舟山绿城
Educator Malagucci believes that children have great potential, and adults should provide opportunities for them. Learning occurs when children try to construct, communicate and understand. With that in mind, Zhoushan Yuhua Kindergarten is dedicated to protecting the beautiful, creative, potential and ambitious buds in every child’s heart with generative space that allows for sufficient exploration.
▼教学活动实景（动图），Teaching activities (Gif) ©goa大象设计
Plan sketches of each floor ©goa大象设计
▼西立面图，West facade ©goa大象设计
▼北立面图，North facade ©goa大象设计
▼典型剖面图，Key section ©goa大象设计
Architecture & Landscape Design: GOA
Location: Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province
Design /Completion: 2018-2021
Floor Area: 13,500 m2