瑞吉欧教育理念将环境比喻为“孩子的第三位老师”
一座能支持充足探索的幼儿园
可以让孩子们成为知识的
真正的积极构造者,而不是被动的教学目标

▼视频,video ©goa大象设计

Reggio Emilia’s educational philosophy compares the environment to
“child’s third teacher”
A kindergarten that allows for sufficient exploration
can make children a true active constructor of knowledge rather than a passive teaching objective

▼舟山绿城育华幼儿园入口实景,
Entrance of the kindergarten ©舟山绿城

自2013年起,goa大象设计在舟山市先后完成了四座教育建筑,舟山绿城育华幼儿园是其中之一。基地位于舟山市定海区长峙岛,设计目标是一所面向1.5岁至6岁儿童的18班幼儿园,项目的建筑及景观设计由goa大象设计一体化设计完成。

Since 2013, GOA has successively completed four educational buildings in Zhoushan city, including Zhoushan Greentown Yuhua Kindergarten. Located in Changzhi Island, Dinghai district, Zhoushan city, it is designed for children aged between 1.5 and 6 with 18 classes. GOA undertook the integrated design of architecture and landscape.

▼实景鸟瞰,
Bird’s eye view ©goa大象设计

 

立体游乐园:连续、流动的交通空间系统
Three-dimensional amusement park: continuous and flowing circulation system

基于儿童行为模式的特点,建筑师与教学管理团队进行了充分的设计研究,针对幼儿好动天性设计了一个多路径交织的公共空间系统。连续环通的流线将教室与办公空间联系为整体,同时创造富于趣味的穿行体验。幼儿园中央采用围合式布局形成小操场,这里是全校师生集合与社交的场所。底层入口抬升使界面开敞明亮,也使内向的空间形成良好的监护视野。

Based on children’s behavioral patterns, architects and teaching management team have conducted sufficient project research, and then designed a public space with interweaved paths for children’s active nature. The circular flow line unite the classroom and office space into a whole, while creating an interesting walking experience. The enclosed layout of the kindergarten forms a small playground in the center, which is a place for teachers and children to gather and make social interactions. The elevated entrance on the ground floor makes the interface open and bright, and the inward space a good view for supervising.

▼多层内向庭院形成良好的社交氛围和监护视野,
The multi-storey inward terraces form a good atmosphere for social interactions and clear view for supervising ©goa大象设计

▼屋顶活动场地实景,Roof activity space ©goa大象设计

所有班级在基地南侧和东侧展开,分为三层布局。利用各层屋顶平台,建筑的室内、室外空间被联系起来。师生们在各层都有充足的室外场地用于游戏活动。蜿蜒的环形流线串联整栋建筑,儿童能够在整座园区内不折返地嬉戏游玩。路径通向屋顶,孩子们可以在这里俯瞰城市,形式多样的垂直交通空间富于趣味,等待他们自主探索和发现。

All classrooms distributed on three floors are arranged on the south and east sides of the site. The indoor and outdoor spaces of the building are connected by terraces at each floor, forming plenty of outdoor areas for teachers and children to play. The winding circulation system connects the whole building, so that children can play without turning back in the whole park. The path leads to the roof, where children can overlook the city. Various forms of vertical circulation space are full of fun, waiting for them to explore and discover independently.

▼建筑分为三层布局。利用各层屋顶平台,建筑的室内、室外空间被联系起来,
The building has three floors, with indoor and outdoor spaces connected by the terraces of each floor ©goa大象设计

一层连廊下的灰空间作为纽带,串联起一系列功能体块,也将入口、中庭、外围活动场地融合为整体,消解围合式布局造成的分隔。多种材质的地面有机结合,通过统一的动物脚趾图案铺装相联系,并渗透到外围景观空间。异形树池和外围的活动设备采用定制化设计,包括树屋、攀爬设施和互动水景等,让小朋友在游戏中完成植物认知的环境教育。

The corridor under the eaves and the stilt space on the first floor acts as a link, connecting a series of functional blocks, and also integrates the entrance, playground, and peripheral activity spaces into a whole, eliminating the partition caused by the enclosed layout. The ground of various materials is organically combined, connected by a unified pavement of animal toe pattern, and penetrates into the surrounding landscape.The special-shaped tree pools and surrounding activity equipment are custom-designed, including tree houses, climbing facilities and interactive water features, allowing children to receive environmental education such as plants recognition while playing.

▼入口,Entrance ©goa大象设计

基于对幼儿的身高尺度、体力活动时长等身心发展特点的研究,建筑和景观设计师在一体化设计中重点关注场地安全性、功能多样性、空间整体性的落实,同时在施工图阶段,通过模数化的设计方法有效兼顾经济性,平衡成本。

Based on the characteristics of children’s physical and mental development such as height and physical activity duration, architects and landscape designers focus on the implementation of site safety, functional diversity and spatial integrity in the integrated design. Meanwhile, in the construction drawing stage, the adoption of modular design also effectively helps the cost control.

▼室内、外界面的透明化处理,
Transparent interface between indoor and outdoor spaces ©goa大象设计

室内、外界面的透明化处理,让孩子们能够在较低的视点仍获得丰富景观,庭院景色渗透于室内,营造开阔的心理感受,同时也更有利于照管看护。动感的整体形态和交通体系有机交织,支持多种师生互动和个性化的教学需求,犹如放大的淘气堡游乐场,深受师生喜爱。

The transparent interface between indoor and outdoor spaces enables children to enjoy varied landscapes from a lower viewpoint, and the courtyard landscape penetrates into the interior, creating an open space effect, and is also more conducive to care. The dynamic overall form and circulation system are organically interweaved to satisfy a variety of teacher-child interaction and personalized teaching needs. It is like an enlarged naughty castle that children are fond of.

▼内庭院立面实景,Facade facing the courtyard ©goa大象设计

▼公共空间强调自然光线的引入,Public space emphasizes the introduction of natural light ©goa大象设计

▼特色教室外侧设置有户外平台,A terrace is set outside the themed classroom ©goa大象设计

 

趣味、安全、整体性:景观与建筑一体化设计
Fun, safety and integrity: integrated design of landscape and architecture

舟山绿城育华幼儿园的景观与建筑设计由goa一体化设计。设计团队重点关注儿童人际交流、创意认知、器械玩耍的需求,充分利用建筑和景观的整体组织,构筑生态自然、活泼多元的立体活动场所。

For Zhoushan Greentown Yuhua Kindergarten, GOA led the integrated design of landscape and architecture. The design team focuses on the needs of children’s interpersonal communication, creative cognition, and amusement equipment, and makes full use of the overall organization of architecture and landscape to build an ecological, natural, lively, diverse and multi-dimensional activity place.

▼东南立面实景,
Southeast facade ©goa大象设计

▼项目实景,
A detailed scene of the project ©goa大象设计

教学楼内设有建构室、海洋室、烘焙室、戏剧室等多种功能教室,主要分布于多组路径的交汇处,提高交通效率的同时也提供了多样化的路线,适合儿童好奇求新的心理特征,为教学带来更多积极影响。

The teaching building provides classrooms with multiple themes, such as block building, ocean, baking and drama, which are mainly distributed at the intersections of multiple paths. While improving circulation efficiency, it also offers diversified routes, thus fitting in with children’s psychological characteristics of curiosity for novelty, and bringing more positive impact on teaching.

▼流线示意图(动图),
Circulation diagram (Gif) ©goa大象设计

 

“生成性”课堂:让儿童的100种语言自然发生
“Generative” classroom: let children’s 100 languages occur naturally

生成性教学指的是在教学中,充分重视师生互动的多样性和教学环境的复杂性,它对教学环境的核心要求是提供尽可能多样化和可变化的空间。

Generative teaching refers to paying full attention to the diversity of teacher-child interaction and the complexity of teaching environment. Its core requirement for teaching environment is to provide as diverse and changeable space as possible.

▼一层大厅室内空间实景,Indoor space of the hall on the first floor ©舟山绿城

▼公共区,public area ©goa大象设计

建筑师希望创造支持生成性教学的空间,激发儿童的自主探索,自然地在现实世界中获得趣味体验的。平和、明亮的底色与简洁的空间形态带来舒适的身心感受,也为持续变化的教学内容提供支持。在这里,现实与幻想、游戏与学习并非截然对立,而是自然而然地发生和变化着。

Architects hoped to create a space that supports generative teaching and stimulates children to explore independently and acquire fantasy experiences in the real world naturally. The peaceful and bright background and simple spatial form not only induce a sense of comfort, but also provide support for the constantly changing teaching content. Reality and fantasy, playing and learning are not diametrically opposed here, but occur and change naturally.

▼平和、明亮的底色与简洁的空间形态带来舒适的身心感受,
The peaceful and bright background and simple spatial form induce a sense of comfort ©舟山绿城 / goa大象设计

▼自然光引入公共交通系统,
Natural light is introduced into the public transport system ©goa大象设计

建筑师与园方共同的愿望是不止于为孩子提供玩具,而是引导他们用身体感受环境中蕴含的丰沛信息,对空间、光线、材料进行探索。每个公共空间转角处特色教室都结合自然光线进行设计,光线的引入提示空间的转换和时间变化的信息,孩子被鼓励成为信息的探索者和构造者,而非教学目标。

The themed classrooms at the corner of each public space is designed with natural light in mind. The introduction of light signals space transition and time change. Children are encouraged to be explorers and constructors rather than teaching objectives.The common desire of architects and kindergarten leaders is not only to provide toys for children, but to guide them to use their bodies to feel the rich information contained in the environment and explore space, light and materials.

▼STEAM教室,STEAM classroom ©舟山绿城

▼手工教室,DIY classroom ©舟山绿城

▼阅读室,Reading Room ©舟山绿城

▼转角处的功能教室实景,Functional classroom at the corner ©舟山绿城

▼会议室 ,meeting room ©舟山绿城

教育家马拉古奇认为,孩子是有巨大的潜能的,而成人要为孩子提供机会。当孩子们尝试去建构、沟通、理解时,学习便产生了。舟山育华幼儿园本着这样的设计初衷,以支持充分探索的生成性空间,去保护每一个孩子心中美丽的、创造性的、充满潜力和雄心的萌芽。

Educator Malagucci believes that children have great potential, and adults should provide opportunities for them. Learning occurs when children try to construct, communicate and understand. With that in mind, Zhoushan Yuhua Kindergarten is dedicated to protecting the beautiful, creative, potential and ambitious buds in every child’s heart with generative space that allows for sufficient exploration.

▼教学活动实景(动图),Teaching activities (Gif) ©goa大象设计

 

▼各层平面示意图,
Plan sketches of each floor ©goa大象设计

▼西立面图,West facade ©goa大象设计

▼北立面图,North facade ©goa大象设计

▼典型剖面图,Key section ©goa大象设计

建筑&景观设计:goa大象设计
所在地:浙江省舟山市
设计/竣工:2018-2021
建筑面积:13,500㎡
图片版权:goa大象设计

Architecture & Landscape Design: GOA
Location: Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province
Design /Completion: 2018-2021
Floor Area: 13,500 m2
Copyright: GOA

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