匈牙利音乐之家于2022年1月23日在布达佩斯正式向公众揭幕。作为城市中全新的文化地标,音乐之家致力于音乐与声音的创造,它将提供一种结合景观、建筑与展览设计的独特艺术体验,使参观者从新的角度认识音乐创作及其对我们的生活所产生的影响。

On 23 January, 2022, the House of Music, Hungary has opened in Budapest: a brand-new cultural landmark for the city, which is dedicated to the creation of music and sound. The House will provide a unique artistic experience combining landscape, architecture and exhibition design to offer its visitors new perspectives on music making and its impact on our lives.

▼匈牙利音乐之家鸟瞰,Aerial view of the House of Music, Hungary © Palkó György

这一充满雄心的项目由藤本壮介事务所领导,是欧洲规模最大的文化项目——“Liget Budapest Project”的一部分。通过创建和改造多个文化机构,并在城市的中央公园内创建新的休闲体验和绿地,音乐之家将为布达佩斯的文化体验带来显著的改变。

The ambitious architectural project is led by star Japanese designer, Sou Fujimoto Architects and is part of Europe’s largest cultural development, the Liget Budapest Project, which will transform the experience of culture in Budapest including the creation and renovation of several cultural institutions, while establishing new leisure opportunities and green areas within the city’s central City Park.

▼项目坐落在布达佩斯中央公园内,The project is situated in Budapest’s central City Park © Palkó György

▼屋顶视角,Rooftop view © Palkó György

“音乐创作是人文经验的核心。音乐之家作为一个极为特别的机构,它的创建正是为了使人们认识到声音与音乐之美,以及它对我们生活的各个方面所发挥的重要作用。”
——匈牙利音乐之家总理事、李斯特学院前院长András Batta

András Batta, Managing Director of the House of Music, Hungary and former President of Liszt Academy says: ‘Music making is at the heart of human experience. The House is a one-of-a-kind institution created to introduce the beauty of sound and music, alongside the important role it plays in every aspect of our life.’

该项目的愿景是通过自然、声音与光线的互动,将音乐体验带入生活。布达佩斯是匈牙利民间传统艺术乃至欧洲古典音乐的历史悠久的中心,作为重要的艺术场馆,音乐之家将举办一系列涵盖古典与民间、流行与爵士流派的现场音乐表演,同时进行展览和教学项目,旨在为普罗大众创造演奏和体验音乐的机会。

The vision for the project is to bring the experience of music to life through the interaction of nature, sound and light. Situated in Budapest, Hungary, which is a historic centre of music in Europe for both classical music repertoire and Hungarian folk traditions, the House will host a range of live music from classical to folk, pop to jazz, alongside exhibitions and education and learning programmes designed to create opportunities for anyone to play and experience music.

▼屋面近景,Roof scape © Palkó György

 

以音乐为灵感的建筑森林
Forest of music inspired architecture

这座瞩目的建筑坐落于城市公园的树林间,拥有9000平方米的总建筑面积。藤本壮介事务所提出的设计方案从声音与自然的协同作用中提取灵感,将建筑作为其所在公园的环境的延续和对21世纪博物馆空间的重新诠释。音乐之家的立面以一层“玻璃幕帘”围合,呈现出完全透明的观感,模糊了室内与室外空间的界限。玻璃外墙由94块拥有连续水平面的定制隔热玻璃板组成,在建筑的部分区域高度达到约12米。为了与自然环境保持一致,音乐之家配备了一个创新性的供热和制冷系统,主要借助地热能源和其他可再生资源来满足建筑的能源需求。

The impressive 9,000m² (total floor area) building nestled amongst the trees of the City Park, is designed by Japanese practice Sou Fujimoto Architects. The designers have taken inspiration from the synergy between sound and nature; presenting the building as a continuation of its park context and an ambitious rethinking of a 21st century museum space. The House’s facade is panelled in a curtain of glass to create a completely translucent building that blurs boundaries between indoor and outdoor space. The glass facade is made up of 94 custom-manufactured, heat-insulated, horizontally undivided panels and its height reaches almost 12 metres in some areas of the House. Consistent with its naturalistic setting, the House is equipped with an innovative heating and cooling system; mainly geothermal energy and other renewable sources covering the House’s energy requirements.

▼从公园层望向建筑,View from the park level © Palkó György

▼建筑作为其所在公园的环境的延续,The building is designed as a continuation of its park context © Palkó György

▼顶篷与森林环境融为一体,The canopy blends in with the forest environment © Palkó György

▼“玻璃幕帘”呈现出透明的观感,The House’s facade is panelled in a curtain of glass to create a completely translucent building © Palkó György

▼立面细节,Facade detailed view © Palkó György

▼一层外观夜景,Ground floor night view © Palkó György

由3万多片装饰性“树叶”组成的天幕镶嵌于建筑的吊顶上,并通过由1000个蜂窝状单元组成的钢结构进行固定。天幕进一步强化了置身于大自然的体验,独特的屋顶结构亦是从声波的不同形式中获取灵感。巨大且起伏的屋顶结构被赋予了变化的深度,同时又保持在城市公园的树冠之下,使茂密的枝叶得以从屋顶表面近100个形状不一的孔洞中滑过。这些孔洞不仅将光线引入建筑深处、照亮了室内空间,同时也为参观者营造出一种“树下漫步”般的特殊氛围。

The feeling of being in nature is further enhanced by a canopy of over 30,000 decorative tree leaves set in the suspended ceiling and secured in place by a steel structure made out of 1,000 honeycomb-shaped elements. The building’s unique roof structure is also inspired by the varying form of sound waves. The vast undulating roof structure changes depth and remains below the City Park’s foliage. The roof has been designed with nearly 100 unique, crater-like holes in the surface, which allow the trees to slip through whilst channelling light into the depths of the building, lighting the interiors and creating a special atmosphere, as if visitors are walking under the trees.

▼从露天平台望向顶篷,View to the canopy from the outdoor terrace © Palkó György

▼天幕由3万多片装饰性“树叶”组成,The canopy of over 30,000 decorative tree leaves set in the suspended ceiling © Palkó György

▼树木的枝叶从屋顶表面的孔洞中滑过,The crater-like holes in the surface allow the trees to slip through © Palkó György

▼圆洞细节,Ceiling detail © Palkó György

“城市公园里的众多树木使我们深受吸引,并从它们所创造的空间中得到启发。厚实而繁茂的树冠覆盖并保护着周围的事物,同时又允许阳光照射于地面。我们因此构想了开放的楼层平面,弱化了内部与外部的界限,使建筑成为自然环境的一种延续。”——首席建筑师藤本壮介

Sou Fujimoto, lead architect, says: “We were enchanted by the multitude of trees in the City Park and inspired by the space created by them. Whilst the thick and rich canopy covers and protects its surroundings, it also allows the sun’s rays to reach the ground. I envisaged the open floor plan, where boundaries between inside and outside blur, as a continuation of the natural environment.”

▼首层大厅,Lobby on the ground level © Palkó György

▼“树下漫步”般的氛围,A special atmosphere as walking under the trees © Palkó György

▼开放的楼层平面,The space with an open plan © Palkó György

▼旋转楼梯,The spiral staircase © Palkó György

 

乐章般的体验:展览和教育空间
Movement of a score: exhibition and education spaces

音乐之家的空间包含三个各具特色的层级,犹如三段不同的乐章,将自然与音乐交织在一起。地下层空间用于永久和临时展览,并包含一个独特的声音圆顶;公园层包含以玻璃围合的音乐厅和露天舞台;顶层则将专门用作教育空间。

The layout of the House is set across three distinctive levels reflecting the three movements of a musical score and interweaving nature and music. The subterranean level will provide a space for permanent and temporary exhibitions and a unique sound dome, the park level will be home to the glass-walled concert hall and open-air stage and the top level will be dedicated to educational spaces.

▼交通中庭,The circulation atrium © Palkó György

 

独特的声音圆顶
Unique sound dome

半球状的声音圆顶可谓是场馆中最具特色的部分——在世界范围内也并不多见。圆顶的设计灵感源于20世纪作曲家施托克豪森(Karlheinz Stockhausen)。在1970年的日本大阪世界博览会上,他在一个球形的音乐场馆中首次创造了3D式的听觉体验。音乐之家的声音圆顶提供了全方位的沉浸式体验,可供60位听众在此体验由超过31个扬声器从不同方位发出的360度环绕立体声,创造出如“全息图”一般的声墙。投影设备起到增强视觉效果的作用,在白天,游客可以体验由匈牙利和喀尔巴阡盆地的环境音构成的永久性声音装置;夜晚,圆顶将转变为包含DJ台、放映屏和小型音乐会舞台的多元场地。

One of the most notable features of the House – regarded as a rarity across the globe – is the hemispherical sound dome. The concept was inspired by the 20th century composer, Karlheinz Stockhausen, who created the first 3D aural experience in the form of a spherical concert hall, which debuted at the 1970 World Exposition in Osaka, Japan. Designed as a fully immersive experience, up to 60 visitors can be accommodated to experience 360 degree surround sound emitted from every direction from more than 31 loudspeakers, creating ‘hologram-like’ walls of sound. Enhanced visually by a projector, during the day visitors can experience the permanent sound installation composed of sounds of Hungary and from the Carpathian Basin. In the evenings, the dome will act as a venue for DJ sets, screenings and smaller-scale concerts.

▼声音圆顶提供全方位的沉浸式体验,The sound dome provides the visitors with a fully immersive experience © Palkó György

 

永久展览:“声音维度——时空音乐之旅”
Permanent exhibition ‘Sound Dimensions – Musical Journeys in Space and Time’

馆内包含多场永久和临时互动展览,融合了21世纪的技术、音乐教学工坊、音乐活动及露天音乐会等内容,意在将匈牙利丰富的音乐传统及其在欧洲音乐史上的里程碑式的地位传达给国内外的游客。

题目为“声音维度——时空音乐之旅”的永久展览将带来一场身临其境的音乐之旅,穿越欧洲两千年的音乐创作——从原始人类的音乐探索,到音乐历史的转折点,如音符和复调的产生,再到20和21世纪受技术革命推动的前卫和流行音乐领域。在展览的六大主题下,参观者将通过蒙特威尔第、莫扎特、巴赫、贝多芬和李斯特等作曲家的生活与作品,发现每个时代独具魅力的声音与风格。展览的视听体验还伴随着一个乐器实验室,以及可以在声音圆顶内听到的丰富声响。第一场临时展览将讲述1957-1990年匈牙利流行音乐的历史,并重点关注社会主义时期(亦被称为“卡达尔”时期)的表演者与音乐场景。

The institution brings Hungary’s rich music traditions and landmark role in the history of European music to domestic and foreign visitors alike with its interactive exhibitions, both permanent and temporary, utilising 21st-century technology, music education workshops as well as music events and open-air concerts.

The permanent exhibition, titled ‘Sound Dimensions – Musical Journeys in Space and Time’, will provide an immersive musical journey through two thousand years of music making in Europe – from the musical exploits of primeval man, the historic turning points in music’s history such as musical notation and polyphony, to the wide spectrum of avant garde and popular music driven by the technological revolution of the 20th and 21st centuries. Through six main themes, visitors will discover the contrasting sounds and styles of each era through the life and work of iconic composers including Monteverdi, Mozart, Bach, Beethoven and Liszt. The audio-visual experience of the show will be accompanied by an instrument lab and a plethora of sounds which can be heard within the sound dome. The first temporary exhibition will showcase the history of Hungarian pop music from 1957-1990, with a focus on the performers and music scene of the Socialist – so called Kádár – era.

▼展览场景,Exhibition space © Palkó György

 

音乐厅空间
Concert spaces

与公园持平的首层空间包含两个室内音乐厅;较小的一间主要用于讲座和研讨会,亦可作为音乐会场和礼堂。位于建筑入口处的露天舞台可举办日间和晚间音乐活动,游客们可以从对面的山坡或附近的花园露台上观看表演。以玻璃墙围合的音乐厅可容纳320个座位,同时配备可下沉舞台,适合进行实验性的音乐活动。形态独特的玻璃设计为音乐厅的声学效果带来了挑战,为此,项目团队与日本著名公司Nagata Acoustics(以洛杉矶迪士尼音乐厅和汉堡易北爱乐厅的声学设计而闻名)进行合作,特别打造了一面之字形的墙壁,使传入的声音能够间接地从玻璃上回响和扩散。

At the park level, the ground floor houses two indoor concert halls; the smaller hall primarily functions as a lecture and workshop space, alongside acting as a concert venue and an auditorium. The open-air stage located on the level of the building’s entrance will host daytime and evening concert events, allowing visitors sitting on the hillside opposite the stage and in the adjacent garden terrace to observe. The glass-walled concert hall has a capacity of 320 seats and is equipped with a sinkable stage and suitable for musical experimentation. Undertaken by Japanese firm Nagata Acoustics, known for the acoustic design of the Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, and Elbphilharmonie, Hamburg, Nagata and Sou Fujimoto navigated the challenges of this unique glass design by creating a zigzag-shaped wall that allows incoming sound to reverberate and disperse from the glass indirectly, producing homogeneous sound.

▼以玻璃墙围合的音乐厅,设有特别定制的之字形墙壁,The glass-walled concert hall with a zigzag-shaped wall © Palkó György

▼室内音乐厅,Indoor concert hall © Palkó György

音乐教育是音乐之家在支持和加强学习方面的另一个重要部分。多媒体图书馆和俱乐部(The Multimedia Library and Club)将收藏大量关于匈牙利音乐历史的重要文字、音频、影像和电影文献,供研究人员和音乐爱好者积极探索。受到匈牙利音乐心理学家Klára Kokas和作曲家Zoltán Kodály的理念的启发,音乐之家还将提供音乐教学、为学校和儿童团体举办研讨会,并开设大学公开课和短期讲座,从而充分发挥机构在教学、展览以及合作举办音乐厅工作坊活动这三个方面的作用。

Music education is another important part of the House’s mission to support and enhance learning. The Multimedia Library and Club will house a large number of important written, audio, visual and film documentation on the history of Hungarian music for researchers and those interested in music to discover. Inspired by the philosophy of Hungarian music psychologist Klára Kokas and composer Zoltán Kodály, the House will also offer music education, workshops for schools and groups of children, alongside an open university programme of courses and short lectures in which all three functions of the institution play their part: teaching, exhibition discovery and collaborating in a concert hall workshop.

▼顶层专门用作教育空间,The top level will be dedicated to educational spaces © Palkó György

▼走廊,Corridor © Palkó György

▼地下层空间,Lower level © Palkó György

▼楼梯细节,Staircase detailed view © Palkó György

在2022年1月至6月期间,音乐之家将通过一系列活动和节目彰显其“建立联系、促进青年人才发展和探索声音体验”的整体理念。其中最令人激动的节目要数《巴托克 1914》,它特别演绎了匈牙利最伟大作曲家之一贝拉·巴托克的作品。音乐会的东道主团体是专注于本土民俗音乐的Magos乐团,特别嘉宾包括特兰西瓦尼亚音乐家Ágnes Langer和Balázs Fülei。希腊歌手兼作曲家Marina Satti也将首次亮相匈牙利,带来她标志性的、融合希腊传统音乐和现代声音的精彩表演。德国计算机音乐艺术家及音乐软件Ableton Live的合伙创始人Robert Henke将进行一次特别的现场表演,仅使用1980年代初的Commodore CBM 8032计算机进行演奏。沙皇乐队前主唱John Grant和格莱美奖得主Aoife O’Donovan将在音乐之家展示他们最新的个人唱片并举办匈牙利首演。传统图瓦语乐队Huun-Huur-Tu将与匈牙利乐队Kerekes合作,为音乐之家专门准备一场独一无二的音乐秀。若需了解音乐之家在2022年的更多活动、展览和研讨会信息,可登陆其官网(https://magyarzenehaza.com)和媒体平台。

The January to June 2022 programme encompasses the overall philosophy of the House: building connections, promoting young talent and discovering sound experiences. Among some of the most exciting programmes is Bartók 1914, which celebrates the work of Béla Bartók, regarded as one of Hungary’s greatest composers. The host band of the concert is the Magos ensemble, focusing on the folk music of the region, and special guests include Transylvanian musicians, Ágnes Langer and Balázs Fülei. Making her Hungarian debut, the Greek singer and songwriter Marina Satti will be performing her signature blend of Greek traditional music and contemporary sounds. German computer music artist and co-creator of the music software Ableton Live, Robert Henke will be performing a special show live using only Commodore CBM 8032 computers from the early 1980s. Former lead singer of the band The Czars, John Grant and Grammy award winner Aoife O’Donovan will both showcase their latest solo records, playing in Hungary for the first time. Traditional tuvan band Huun-Huur-Tu will create a unique show, especially put together for the House of Music, in collaboration with the Hungarian band Kerekes, combining folk music of both nations. More information about the 2022 programme of events, exhibitions and workshops at the House of Music can be found on their channels.

▼建筑夜间外观,Exterior view by night © Palkó György

▼夜间整体鸟瞰,Aerial overall view by night © Palkó György

发表评论

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。