Tianjin Beichen Guangda Waste-to-energy Plant is located in the west of Shuangkou Sanitary Landfill of Domestic Waste in Beichen District, Tianjin. The project creates a dramatic effect on facades with minimalist design language, adding a touch of red to the endless wilderness. When the sky is clear during the day, the glass reflects the blue sky, forming a changeable rhythm of the façade with the red color steel plate; when night falls, the warm yellow light comes out of the glass and sets off with the red plate. The design provides interesting visual experience and the building stitches itself into the surrounding environment.
▼发电厂整体鸟瞰，overall aerial view of the Waste-to-energy Plant ©章鱼见筑
▼项目夜景鸟瞰，aerial night view of the project ©章鱼见筑
There are special equipment space and specific technological process for waste-to-energy plant, so the basic functional blocks are strictly controlled in the design. The design team was involved in this project as a facade design consultant. The main work is to improve the architectural appearance based on the special space for technical process, which helps to draw more public attention on environmentally friendly industrial buildings. As large-scale industrial municipal infrastructure, waste-to-energy plants are faced with many peculiar challenges of architectural design, such as the characteristic of architectural appearance, the balance of design and technical process, and the handling of huge blocks. Architects need to explore and work out appropriate design principles according to the characteristics of such kinds of buildings.
▼夜景 – 由河岸看建筑，night view – viewing the project from the river ©章鱼见筑
▼轴测图，axonometric diagram ©倪阳工作室
Waste-to-energy plants are generally located in the outer suburbs in China and people seldom pay attention to suchlike industrial facilities despite their strong connection with urban living. With the gradual improvement of environmental awareness, the process of garbage recycling and incineration is open to the public in order to let the public know more about the environmental protection industry. Therefore, it is necessary to attach importance to the architectural appearance of industrial facilities so that the plants might be involved in the urban public life more easily. The appearance needs to respond to the characteristics of the city as well as the surrounding wide-open fields. Hence, the building can be related to the region and be harmony with the surrounding environment.
▼从周围开阔的郊野环境考量，让建筑与地域产生关联，与环境和谐对话，the building can be related to the region and be harmony with the surrounding environment ©章鱼见筑
Tianjin, which was once a trading port, combines the characteristics of eastern and western cultures. There are different architectural colors and styles in the old city, concession area, and new district. In the concession area, red bricks and sloping roofs with red terracotta act as important characteristics of the unique architectural style and harmonious urban style in Tianjin, as well as a good inspiration for architectural design. The design uses red as the main color of the building and uses a simple and unified facade form to enhance the architectural features.
▼沿河一侧立面，facade along the river ©章鱼见筑
▼入口一侧立面，facade of the entrance side ©章鱼见筑
▼砖红色的建筑基调与大面积的玻璃幕墙，The brick red architectural tone and extensive glass curtain wall ©章鱼见筑
As a process-oriented project, the scheme pays much more attention to the production process than architecture design. Therefore, the designed blocks should be more flexible to match the original block. Despite many limitations of the size and height about the blocks, there are not special requirements in other aspects, such as lighting, ventilation and facade fabric design since most of the facade consists of solid walls and only acts as enclosed structure. A simple and pure design can meet the above requirements. A combination with both flexibility and aesthetics was adopted for the design of functional blocks. The glass and red color steel plate can form the folded plates module, which are potential to create a rich elevation.
▼玻璃与红色彩钢板组成的折面模块，the folded plates module formed by glass and red color steel plate ©章鱼见筑
▼立面细部，detail of the facade ©章鱼见筑
Faced with the challenges because of the large volume, architects need to make the facade multi-level in scale to weaken the volume visually. Besides, it is better to choose economical building materials in the construction to make the project cost easier to control. The proportion of the new block is fine-tuned according to the actual size of the original functional block. Appropriate divisions are made in height and length by reflection glass curtainwall, module of folded plates and white aluminum strip. The facade design can not only match the space for production process, but also weaken the volume visually. The main material of the facade is color steel plate, which is cost-effective and widely used in industrial buildings. The main body is red color steel plate. There are also dark gray color steel plate, white aluminum plate, gray glass and other materials. The width of a color steel plate is about 1000mm. The height is determined by the size of different sections of the facade.
▼立面设计既与生产流程工艺所需的空间体量相契合，又在视觉上弱化了体量，The facade design can not only match the space for production process, but also weaken the volume visually ©章鱼见筑
The height is determined by the size of different sections of the facade ©章鱼见筑
▼彩色钢板细部，Detail of colored steel plate ©章鱼见筑
Tianjin Beichen Guangda Waste-to-energy Plant has taken the responsibility of purifying the city after its completion with the cycle of waste to energy and the aesthetic concept of solid and void. As an important part of the environmental protection, the waste-to-energy plant will be more widely known and contacted by the public. Moreover, it will have more functions such as popularizing environmental protection knowledge to the public and participating in urban public life. In the future, with the continuous improvement of various technologies and the intensive development of the city, the construction of waste-to-energy plants will face more complex challenges which need architects to solve with more comprehensive design thinking.
▼内部庭院与道路，Internal courtyard and road ©章鱼见筑
▼总平面图，master plan ©倪阳工作室
▼立面图1，elevation 1 ©倪阳工作室
▼立面图2，elevation 2 ©倪阳工作室
项目设计 & 完成年份：2018.11-2021.06
Project Name: Facade design of Tianjin Beichen Guangda Waste-to-energy Plant
Designer: Ni Yang Studio of South China University of Technology Architectural Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Company website: http://www.scutad.com.cn/
Contact email: email@example.com
Project Design & Completion Year: 2018.11-2021.06
The main creative and design team:
Designer: Ni Yang
Design Team: Lin Yi, Deng Xinyu, Lin Ying, Qiu Yue, Tian Haoyuan, Yao Han, Li Dongyuan, Zheng Mingming
Project Address: Shuangkou Town, Beichen District, Tianjin
Building area: 55797㎡
Photography copyright: 章鱼见筑
Cooperative company: Everbright Ecological Environment Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Designers: Lu Bo, Sha Xueliang, Chen Ligui, Ma Fuqiang, Wang Lei, Wang Huan, Xu Wei, Xie Ming, Wang Yang, Chen Dong, Meng Xin, Ma Tao, Guan Xin, Zhang Xin
Curtain wall design unit: Zhejiang Zhongnan Construction Group Co., Ltd. Building Curtain Wall Design and Research Institute”
Client: Tianjin Everbright Xingchen Environmental Protection Energy Co., Ltd.