Scenario challenges of the future community
Lingang new area is different from the urban area of Shanghai, and has a higher and broader international vision at the beginning of the new city construction. In recent years, the level of Lingang’s urban development has been significantly improved, and the framework of a world-class modern new city has been initially formed: the population concentration effect is obvious, the framework of convenient and efficient transportation network has been basically formed, high-quality international urban service functions are basically completed, the basic framework of digital city construction has been formed, the regional ecological environment has been further improved, and efforts have been made to realize the “15-minute living service circle” and become the benchmark of future city construction. As one of the exhibits of the 2021 Shanghai Urban Space Art Season – Lingang Sample Exhibition, the cycling pavilion is designed as a spatial experience node to experience the future lifestyle and spatial characteristics of Lingang, with a focus on the “cycling movement”.
▼位于星空之境海绵公园入口处，Located at the entrance of Starry Sky Sponge Park © 柯剑波
▼与骑行道平行，Parallel to the cycling path © 畎亩建筑
Reducing carbon emissions – a low carbon system led by bamboo and steel
The full coverage of the low carbon system for the future life state and green city construction is one of the goals of the new Lingang area. As one of the nodes of the cycling pavilion and urban furniture service system, the structure system of the cycling pavilion is made of steel and wood structure from the beginning to reduce the carbon emission. Low carbon green construction is considered from the production and processing of main materials, transportation of materials and equipment, construction process and building operation.
▼工厂预制装配式构件现场安装，Factory prefabricated assembled components are installed on site © 畎亩建筑
Facing the completed site, the building foundation of the cycling pavilion intervenes in the site that has minimal impact on the ground pavement, using 200mm I-beams as the foundation, which is fixed to the ground by 20mm anchor bolts. The foundation is made of 200mm I-beam and fixed to the ground by 20mm anchor bolts. The traditional concrete slab is not poured on site, which reduces the carbon emission during the construction and material production process.
▼较小施工界面，轻质介入场地，Smaller construction interface, lighter intervention site © 畎亩建筑
The construction process is highly efficient and can reduce carbon emissions by more than 40% over its life which is an important technological path to achieve “peak carbon” and “carbon neutrality” in the construction industry. The construction process also has a good dust reduction effect, saving water, electricity and other energy, while achieving the original purpose of building energy saving and environmental protection.
▼60个小时完工的骑行驿站，the cycling pavilion completed in 60 hours © 畎亩建筑
Light intervention of assembled bamboo and wood structures
We have been thinking about how to make the building adaptable to the city that needs micro-renewal, and integrate with the site with the lightest intervention within the constraints of the site conditions. The cycling pavilion is an assembled construction with bamboo and wood structure, and the material utilization rate is improved by down-grading optimization and reuse of components.
▼竹钢主体，Bamboo steel body © 畎亩建筑
▼竹钢连接节点，Bamboo steel connection node © 畎亩建筑
We received an invitation from the 2021 Shanghai Urban Space Art Season to participate in the exhibition of future community samples in the new Lingang district. The curator goals a sample of “future community” to promote the creation of a 15-minute community living circle that is more oriented to daily life and to build a higher quality public space. Faced with the large-scale new city space in the core area of Lingang New Area, the curator discussed that the best way to perceive is to design a cycling route, that’s link to the space perception.
▼2021城市空间艺术季·骑行活动，2021SUSAS · Cycling © 畎亩建筑
Among the points provided by the curator, the pavilion was chosen to be placed at the entrance of the “Starry Sky” cycling route, which is an important functional node for sight lines and streamlines to focus on. The spatial goal of the cycling pavilion is to make it a cohesive public space: people can gather and wait under the eaves of the pavilion, and people can rest and chat on the seats. The large eaves provide a sense of security and shelter for people to rest under the eaves, forming a pleasant urban space node.
▼出挑的大屋檐，The overhanging large eave © 畎亩建筑
▼侧面视角，Side view © 畎亩建筑
▼选用不同通透率的膜形成的光影效果 © 畎亩建筑
Light and shadow effects formed by choosing films with different permeability
▼透过顶面看向临港的天空，Looking into the sky through the surface © 畎亩建筑
The second ring of the new Lingang district, where Starry Sky Park is located, will host road cycling events like the Tour de France in the future. Based on the fact that professional bicycles cannot be parked independently, the structure system of the pavilion adaptively combines the parking methods of bicycles. The two parking methods, interspersed parking and suspended parking, meet the maximum demand for professional and leisure bicycle parking, and have little impact on the structure of the pavilion.
▼两种停靠方式，Two types of docking © 畎亩建筑
穿插式停放 | Interspersed parking
The spacing of the structural uprights is set to accommodate bicycle wheels, which can be easily inserted for parking, and children can easily park their bicycles into them, which can also meet the parking needs of nearby residents when there is no demand for professional events during normal times.
▼被使用中的骑行驿站，Cycling pavilion in use © 畎亩建筑
悬挂式停放 | Suspension parking
Suspended parking is suitable for professional road cycling events, where professional bicycles cannot be independently parked and have little weight, and can be suspended on the crossbar to achieve a certain number of bicycle storage and parking. The suspension crossbar is rotated by a combination of bolts as well as powerful magnets, and can be stored when no event is held.
▼悬挂式停靠，Suspension parking © 畎亩建筑
▼临港大学城骑行小队慕名而来，Lingang cycling team using the pavilion © 畎亩建筑
▼可以旋转使用的悬挂构件，Rotatable suspension elements © 畎亩建筑
A pavilion about cycling
Morphology – the mechanics and motion of a bicycle in four-dimensional space-time. Inspired by the movement of the wheel. The out-of-the-box wooden spokes sweep through the air, creating a smooth curved surface.
▼呈现运动韵律的驿站结构，Staging structure presenting rhythm of movement © 柯剑波
The wooden spears rotate around the bearings while translating, solidifying the trajectory of the bicycle wheel
▼屋檐近景，Detailed view © 畎亩建筑
▼自然形成的曲面，Naturally occurring surfaces © 畎亩建筑
▼旋转辐条（结构件）形成的光影 © 柯剑波
Light and shadow formed by rotating spokes (structural elements)
In the way the timbers are assembled, the architects staggered the timbers and nibbled them together so that the load-bearing and maintenance systems of the timber structure are integrated into one, “weaving” them into a stable triangular structure, thus eliminating diagonal bracing. This straightforward construction gives the building structure visual certainty and unity.
▼承重与围护结构的统一，the integration of load-bearing and maintenance systems © 畎亩建筑
Ronald Fleming, a leading thinker and practitioner in the fields of public art, urban design, and historic preservation, suggests that one measure of the maturity of a public art program is that it ranges from “large independent works by major artists” to modest projects such as “artist-designed street furniture.
▼使用中的驿站，Pavilion in use © 畎亩建筑
▼休憩、交流的公共空间节点 © 柯剑波
Public space nodes for recreation and communication
The design of the cycling pavilion starts from the demand of urban public space life, in order to provide a possibility of public communication while solving the demand of small and micro space of public life. Its balance between artistry and practicality is achieved through the distinctive artistic image of its own space.
▼示意图，Diagram © 畎亩建筑
Project Name: Cycling Pavilion
Location: Entrance of “Starry Sky” Park in Lingang New Area, Pudong District, Shanghai
A.C.R.E Atelier + School of art design and Media of ECUST
Designers: Yin Shun, Shi Qi, Lu Xinhe, Wei Jiyao, Liu Shen, Chen Hetian, Zhang Shiyuan, Shen Zheyi, Zhao Chengyang
Structural Consultant: Zhang Zhun
Structural Consultant: Zhang Zhun
Lighting Consultant: Yang Xiu (TJAD)
Lingang New Area Management Committee + Harbour City Group
Bamboo steel (high strength natural bamboo composite material), Ferrari film
Constructor: Hongya Zhuyuan Construction Engineering Co.Ltd
Building area: 90m2
Design time: June 2021
Construction date: November 2021