“You don’t mess… with what’s SACRED. I’ve heard it said, and it’s true.”
When the cleric of the Cathedral called me in, I entered through the main door, which was camouflaged by refurbishment work. I took in the darkness and the light of the Nave, passed on to the Cloister, visited the Chapels, and entered the Sacristy: the grandiosity, the arcades, the faint frescoes, the light. The unnecessary red carpet.
Then, a fearful: what do you want from me?
▼项目概览，preview © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼总平面图，general plan © Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai
A door was opened and without leaving the cathedral we moved on to a different world. A world that appeared to me to be rural, but a poor quality rural, decrepit. In between the volumes of the Church, the Sacristy, the Beco dos Redemoinhos, the Guerra Junqueiro Museum and the Choir building, there is another world. A world of various buildings, of successive reconstructions and the conspicuous presence of the refurbishment works carried out by the department of National Buildings and Monuments, begun by the Estado Novo in 1927 and concluded in 1939.
▼波尔图大教堂鸟瞰，Cathedral of Porto, aerial view © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼建筑原状，the existing building
▼从同一方向望向新建筑，view to the renovated building from the same direction © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
The demands on a building like the Cathedral of Porto, nowadays go well beyond those of religious worship. There are the visitors, tourists, groups of tourists, cultural activities and more. The backing to all this, or logistics as is nowadays the term, is either non-existent or exists in the confusion of spaces hidden behind that door in the Sacristy.
What I’m asked to provide to resolve these issues are:
· An administrative space to be used for the management of the Chapter.
· A meeting space for all the members of the Chapter.
· A space for the officials and guards.
· A space for the processes of cleaning, maintenance and care of clothing, objects and ornaments.
· Service toilets.
The location for all this is to be kept within the confines of the run down area. Thankfully.
▼从教堂一侧望向翻新后的结构，view to the renovated building from the Cathedral © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
The option proposed was to get rid of what was in excess, that was without quality, and to keep the walls that were in good condition and to use them for support. But there are also the things one doesn’t see. Archaeology and anthropology. Bones were found after excavations in the patio of Saint Veríssimo. This is a common occurrence as the lands around churches were often used as burial grounds. Remnants of foundations and old buildings were also found. Stories of History.
We proposed to build without digging holes, without touching the past which is buried there and has already been studied and put into perspective. We propose an access point via the door to the Treasury, where the holy ointments will be kept and where individual cabinets for members of the Chapter will be installed. The Old Sacristy will become a store, a receptacle for valuables, pieces and collections of gifts that are still kept and hidden from the view of the public.
▼内部空间，保留了状态尚佳的墙壁，Interior view, the walls that were in good condition have been kept © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼入口楼梯，entry staircase © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Alongside the patio, a space for maintenance, washing and care of clothing, and of ornaments, will replace the existing building. A news stairs will give access to the upper floor. The circulation routes are designed to be fluid: between Sacristy and technical servicing areas and from these to the Main Altar, from the area of the Old Sacristy to the Cathedral or to the Claustra Velha.
▼用于服装清洗和维护的空间，the space for maintenance, washing and care of clothing, and of ornaments © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼从旧的支撑结构望向楼梯，view through the existing supporting structure © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼楼梯，staircase © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼走廊，corridor © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼通往顶部楼层的楼梯，staircase leading to the upper floor © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
建筑的顶部两层设有职员房间和洗手间，再往上一些是教会的行政区域，南面设有会议室，可以俯瞰Serra do Pilar修道院的风景。
On the upper floor, at two different levels, are the staff room and the toilets. A little higher up, the administrative area for the Chapter, with its meeting room to the south, overlooking the Serra do Pilar.
▼顶部楼层，the upper floor © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼走廊，corridor © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼会议室，meeting room © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼公共空间，communal area © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼室内细节，interior view © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼洗手间，toilet © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
The structure is to be a mix of metal and timber. The metal is to be hidden and the timber to be apparent. All of it to be screwed together, for ease of erection and for possible future dismantling if time and History demand it. External cladding will be in timber, not touching the ground, lifted from the domain of the dead, respecting what was there before, keeping it, without unearthing it. Windows will be restricted to the essential and be in dialogue with what exists. As in Fernando Távora’s building beside it, the roof will be flat, and finished in zinc sheeting.
▼结构外观，exterior view © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼翻新后的结构与周围建筑，the renovated volume and its surrounding buildings © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
▼木质饰面，the timber furnishing © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
The areas which are planned to be built, although complementary in their nature, are of no less importance. The existing interiors that are to be retained will recall the dignity of their older days. The new spaces, benefiting from the original surroundings and from the use of timber in the structure, floors and ceilings, will come close to the existing building quality and ambiance.
May of 2009
▼一层平面图，plan level 1 © Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai
▼二层和三层（夹层）平面图，plan level 2 and 3 © Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai
▼剖面图1，section 1 © Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai
▼剖面图2和3，section 2 & 3 © Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai
▼剖面图4，section 4 © Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai
▼剖面图5，section 5 © Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai
Project: Refurbishment of Cabido facilities
Client: Cathedral of Porto
Location: Cathedral of Porto, Porto – Portugal
Data: 2008 – 2015
Architecture Project.: Carlos Castanheira, Arqtº.
Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai, Arqtos Lda.
Paulo Fidalgo, Eng. Civil
HDP Gabinete Projectos. Engenharia Civil, Lda.
Eng. Pedro Nunes
Diametro & Cálculo Eng. Ldª