“Umbrella” for the Ruins
Longji Village is one of the volcanic stone villages in the north of Hainan. Located along the hill, Tongde Hall and Jiangxing Ancestral Hall were built in the Ming and Qing Dynasty in the form of Shiheyuan, featuring the lifting beam structure of timber and volcanic stone. The plaque on the front gate of Tongde Hall was inscribed by Zhang Yuesong, the advanced scholar called ”Jinshi” in the Qing Dynasty. Only a little more than a ruin, the two separate ancestral halls have nearly no roof above and only some broken walls left. They have obviously lost the high-status dignity submerged in the crowded concrete houses.
▼项目与周边环境鸟瞰，bird view of the project and surrounding environment © 陈铭
▼项目概览，overall of the project © 陈铭
We have tried to repair it as old as before, and spent a lot of time and energy on high-accuracy mapping, crafts verifying and 3D restoration modeling, but the results are not as expected. From the 3D restoration model, we can see the inner space was coarse and gloomy due to the limited technique of processing big thick lava stones and making openings on the envelope of the masonry structure, despite the hard efforts of the ancestors on constructing with local materials when they just arrived on the island.
▼场地原状，original condition of the site © 叶曼
If it is repaired as old as before , will it adapt to the new village that has developed rapidly in urbanization? Can the limited time and budget meet up the demands? Why not retaining the beauty of vicissitudes rather than hasty and rough repairing that may produce artificial irreversible damages to it? The strategy of building a protection for the ruins may be more appropriate for this project.
▼轴测效果图，axonometric drawing © 篆山营造
To Crown the “Emeer”
We are committed to the regain of the former glory of the ancient ancestral halls, the “Emeer” of the village. To crown them again as the prominent landmark in the village, an innovative cable-suspended steel-timber frame system with tall wood columns and a 965㎡glass roof are structured to connect the two relics as one.
▼祠堂入口，front entrance of the project © 陈铭
▼入口台阶细部，detail of the entrance steps © 陈铭
▼废墟式保护，protection for the ruins © 陈铭
▼斑驳的火山岩石墙，Mottled volcanic stone walls © 陈铭
78 wood columns form a matrix integrated with a flexible but stable steel cable structure to protect the ancestral halls, and it holds up a giant umbrella to save the relics from the rain. The towering banyan trees inside the courtyard are carefully reserved climbing outside the roof, and their dreamlike reflections on the wall dance tranquilly in the sunshine.
▼庭院概览，overall of the yard © 陈铭
▼玻璃顶鸟瞰，aerial view of the glass roof © 陈铭
The design worked out a way of rebirth for low level historic relics in limited time and with limited cost. The strong contrast between the old volcanic stone walls and the newly-built steel and wood tensile space structure represents the civilization collision of Hainan, which is developing from a traditional island to the international free trade port.
▼夜景，night view © 陈铭 叶曼
▼总平面图，master plan © 篆山营造
▼一层平面图，ground floor plan © 篆山营造
▼立面图，elevation © 篆山营造
▼剖面图，sections © 篆山营造
▼结构细部，detail of the structure © 篆山营造
项目设计 & 完成年份：2019年&2020年
建筑设计：万朋朋 高一明 谷依琪 黄刚 等
机电设计：袁剑南 邓明超 等
施工管理：章宁 曾飞洪 侯敏劲 刘志军 等
木构营造：徐诗意 马启明 汪洪根 钱东平 徐兆元 等
品牌：江苏国强 – 热镀方管 / 信义- 夹胶双钢化玻璃 / 坡垒
Project name：TONGDE HALL
Design year & Completion Year：2019-2020
Leader designer & Team
Lead Architects: Man Ye
Structural Engineering：Weizhou fu, Xiaotian Xing，Wei hu
Project location：Chengmai, Hainan
Gross Built Area (square meters)：953㎡
Photo credits：Ming Chen, Man Ye
Clients：Laocheng Town Government of Chengmai, Hainan
Brands / Products used in the projrct：Jiangsu Guoqiang-SSAW Steel Square Pipe / Xinyi-Double Reinforced Laminated Glass / Hopea hainanensis Merr. et Chun