来自伦敦的Nex事务所近期完成了位于泰晤士河畔的皇家码头项目（Royal Wharf Pier），为伦敦的游客和居民创造了一个大型且全新的公共空间。长达130米的码头是泰晤士沿河最长且最具特色的码头，与Ballymore和Oxley共同承建的皇家码头社区相邻，后者包含了3385套住房，并配备以商业街、小学、社区中心和医疗等设施。
London-based architects Nex— have completed a new riverboat terminal incorporating a large new public space on the Thames, as Royal Wharf Pier welcomes its first passengers. The 130m long pier – the longest, and arguably most distinctive pier on the Thames – is located beside Ballymore and Oxley’s Royal Wharf development in London’s Royal Docks, a 3,385 home new neighbourhood which includes a new high street, primary school, community centre and healthcare facilities.
▼项目概览，general view ©James Brittain
Knitting into the riverside public realm of Royal Wharf, the pier extends the development’s newly landscaped River Walk with a public promenade, a fixed element of the structure which is publicly accessible year-round. Stretching 40m into the Thames, the generous linear open space is reminiscent of traditional British seaside piers, framing long, straight views towards the horizon. The edges of the promenade are lined with diagonal aluminium battens, concealing the external structural truss and conveying a sense of continuity and dynamism; a public space seemingly hovering on the Thames’ surface.
▼全年向公众开放的固定长廊，the fixed public promenade which is publicly accessible year-round ©James Brittain
▼长廊扶手细节，handrail detailed view ©James Brittain
At the heart of the pier, a 162 sqm viewing platform offers a generous and peaceful space that invites people to linger, relax and admire the unique views up and down the Thames. Featuring elegantly integrated bench seating at its centre, the platform benefits from a comfortable sense of spaciousness, enhancing the pier’s striking views through the unobstructed ultra-clear glass balustrades enveloping the platform.
▼观景平台，viewing platform ©James Brittain
▼无遮挡的超清玻璃护栏进一步凸显出码头的壮观景象 ©James Brittain
the pier’s striking views are enhanced through the unobstructed ultra-clear glass balustrades enveloping the platform
The viewing platform also separates the public promenade from the floating gangway and pontoon of the Thames Clippers terminal through distinct angles in the pier’s design, making this appear seemingly infinite from the river edge. The 65m long floating walkway rises and falls with the Thames’ 7m tidal movement to enable the pier to tolerate the full tidal range of the river. In seeking to create a sense of cohesion, the patterned aluminium and timber balustrades used in the public promenade are replicated here, extending above handrail height to create a semi-enclosed space that provides commuters with shelter form the elements.
▼从观景平台望向舷梯，view to the floating gangway from the viewing platform ©James Brittain
▼舷梯，the floating gangway ©James Brittain
▼铝制和木制栏杆延伸至扶手的高度之上，the patterned aluminium and timber balustrades extend above handrail height ©James Brittain
Arriving at the pontoon, the skewed plan form demonstrates a contemporary take on traditional pier design, building upon the angles established by the pier’s path into the river, and focusing views towards the towers of Canary Wharf and the City. The layout creates increased open space around the shelter, allowing boats to dock easily and providing ample space for passengers as the service continues to increase in popularity. This is reflected in the cut back roofline which slopes down towards the water, angled to take advantage of direct views down the river towards Canary Wharf and The O2 while also intuitively ushering passengers into the sheltered area to optimise circulation.
▼浮桥外观：倾斜的屋顶将视野引向金丝雀码头和城市中的高楼大厦 ©James Brittain
the cut back roofline slopes down towards the water, focusing views towards the towers of Canary Wharf and the City
▼从浮桥望向舷梯，view to the from the pontoon ©James Brittain
Featuring a large glass façade to allow a good overview of incoming traffic and impressive views, the sheltered waiting area offers integrated seating enclosed within this metal shell, providing warmth and protection from the elements.
▼等候区，the sheltered waiting area ©James Brittain
▼座椅细节，seating area detailed view ©James Brittain
Throughout the pier, a consistent material palette speaks to both the practical needs and maritime setting of the scheme. Building upon the ship-building processes used to manufacture the pier, the primary structure is steel, painted dark grey to offer a contemporary look that weathers well. This complemented with the use of durable marine grade hardwood to create a sense of cohesion throughout the pier, providing warm finishes that enhance user experience in both the interior and external spaces on the pier. These high-quality finishes are gently emphasised with carefully integrated lighting.
▼等候区夜景，night view of the waiting area ©Nex
▼从等候区望向舷梯，view to the from the waiting area ©Nex
Nestled within the balustrades and lining the edges of the outdoor timber seating, the pier’s softly lit details create a welcoming and safe environment, while lending keen consideration to minimising light pollution and their impact on views or residents.
▼公共长廊夜景，promenade night view ©Nex
▼观景平台夜景，viewing platform night view ©Nex
▼夜间鸟瞰，aerial view by night ©Gavriil Papadiotis
▼观景平台平面图，plan – viewing platform ©Nex
▼浮桥平面图，plan – pontoon ©Nex
▼屋顶平面图，roof plan – pontoon ©Nex
▼剖面透视图，sectional perspective ©Nex
Project size: 800 m2
Project Budget: $5450000
Completion date: 2020
Building levels: 1
Glass Engineering: Eckersley O’Callaghan
M&E Consultant: Tate Consulting
Lighting: DHA Design
Principle Designer & Structural Engineer: Beckett Rankine
Main Contractor: McLaughlin and Harvey
Planning Consultant: Rolfe Judd
Quantity Surveyor: Huntley Cartwright