One of the most recent actions of the Burkina Faso Ministry of Education in the fight against school dropouts has been to unify isolated schools into school complexes where education is provided from nursery to high school. The project includes the development of the new Bangre Veenem School Complex from the existing Primary school in the village of Youlou (Koudougou), as well as the construction of the Secondary school and auxiliary buildings (canteen, staff changing rooms, water tank and other service areas). The NGO and the City Council have subsequently completed the intervention with the construction of the Nursery and the Central Administration of the complex.
▼项目概览，general view © Milena Villalba
The mayor’s office and the neighbours make more than 8 hectares of land available to the project in order to complete the infrastructure, since schools in Burkina Faso’s villages are usually formalized as multiple ground floor pavilions scattered over large areas of land. The first decision is to compact the proposal to reduce the intervention area by 40% (5ha) in order to affect existing housing communities and their farmland as little as possible. In addition, it has been decided to divide the property into two zones, North and South, with an “outside” area in between, a large public square for access but also for transit. Most of the intervention is concentrated in the central area of the site, arranged in three horizontal strips, where the intermediate one is the great void to access, in the North is located the Secondary School, the Central Administration and its parking spaces, and in the South the buildings for the Nursery, the Canteen and its auxiliary and parking areas.
▼设计过程，design process © Albert Faus
▼规划平面图，master plan © Albert Faus
The proposal foresees the construction of the main buildings – Secondary School, Nursery and Administration- with walls and vaults made of compressed earth bricks (CEB) and with a double upper protective roof, and the auxiliary buildings, together with the closing walls that make up the central access plaza, in thick weather-resistant stone walls.
▼中学的墙体由压缩土砖制成，the walls of the secondary school are made of CEB © Milena Villalba
▼配套建筑和构成中央广场的封闭墙均采用厚实的耐候石墙，the auxiliary buildings and the closing walls that make up the central access plaza, in thick weather-resistant stone walls © Milena Villalba
▼食堂使用场景，usage scenarios of the canteen © Milena Villalba
▼中学轴测 © Albert Faus
axon drawing of the secondary school
The Secondary School is conceived as a single building. The different bodies that compose it are located under a large shelter canopy, which is perforated at its ridge to naturally light and ventilate the interior terrace that provides access to the classrooms. The canopy is also deformed and interrupted in its central section to protect the lower building and to give rise to the large green pergola that covers the main entrance in the south. The sequence of classrooms is arranged in two parallel alignments, N-S oriented, with a simple dimensional asymmetry caused by the number of classes that compose them. The central volume of the management office piece abandons this alignment, it advances, and it points the entrances to the different areas from the south access.
▼不同体量位于巨大顶棚之下，different bodies are located under a large shelter canopy © Milena Villalba
▼顶棚做镂空与变形处理，the canopy is hollowed out and deformed © Milena Villalba
▼教室南北平行排列，the classrooms is arranged in two parallel alignments, N-S oriented © Milena Villalba
▼教室入口，entrances of the classrooms © Milena Villalba
▼教室内部，interior of the classroom © Milena Villalba
▼会议室，the meeting room © Milena Villalba
▼办公室，the office © Milena Villalba
Numerous trees will be planted around the buildings to provide ample natural shade and to reduce the temperature and the presence of dust in the air. Similarly, the large pergola at the entrance to the Secondary School or those in the parking areas will be shaded by dozens of vines (Bougainvillea) planted for this purpose. Meanwhile, students and bicycles find shelter under the great Néré.
▼停车场，parking areas © Milena Villalba
▼夕阳下的学校综合体，the school complex in the dusk © Milena Villalba
▼总平面图，site plan © Albert Faus
▼一层平面图，ground floor plan © Albert Faus
▼中学平面图，plan of the secondary school © Albert Faus
▼中学立面图与剖面图，elevation and section of the secondary school © Albert Faus
▼结构细部，details of the structure © Albert Faus
▼配套建筑图纸，drawings of the auxiliary buildings © Albert Faus
Architect: albertfaus architecture
Team: Albert Faus, Anton Pena, Giovanni Quattrocolo, Cecilia Martínez, María Lindón de Miguel, Aziz Ilboudo, Teresa Cruz, Alienor Goffart, Camie Deramaux, David Demange (Le Soleil dans la Main)
Client: ONG-D LE SOLEIL DANS LA MAIN (LUX)
Owner: KOUDOUGOU CITY COUNCIL
Funding: ONG-D ASDM + Ministère des Affaires Etrangères et Européennes (MAEE) du Luxembourg
Contractor: CONCEPT SARL (SECONDARY SCHOOL + CANTEEN) + EWK (AUXILIARY BUILDINGS)
CEB Producer: ZI MATERIAUX
Pictures: Milena Villalba