这是JKMM事务所创始合伙人Teemu Kurkela在最初接触于韦斯屈莱市(Jyväskylä)新综合医院的项目时,院方所提出的愿景。从2010年起,担任阿尔托大学教授的Teemu Kurkela开始带领一个研究项目,旨在以新星医院研究案例,开发未来医院的理论模型。

“We need a future hospital with a totally new innovative concept and operation system.”
This was the vision of the hospital client when JKMM partner Teemu Kurkela first en-countered the project for a new general hospital in the city of Jyväskylä. From 2010, in his role as a professor at the Aalto University, Helsinki, Teemu Kurkela led a research project developing theoretical models for future hospitals with Hospital Nova as a case study.

▼视频,Video © Tapio Snellman


The Finnish hospital sector had been stuck for a long time, suffering from ageing hospital facilities and a lack of new healthcare models. The old Jyväskylä hospital in central Finland was a prime example. Hospitals needed to be rethought and research was an effective way to begin the process of thinking outside the box. In 2012, Hospital Nova became a real project with JKMM selected as architects. Construction began in 2016 and was completed in 2020. Patients were admitted this year.

▼医院外观,exterior view © Tuomas Uusheimo



What is unique about Hospital Nova is that, in terms of both functional concept and building type, it has been designed entirely from first principles. The first new build general hospital to open in Finland since the 1970s, Hospital Nova balances the clinical requirements of an innovative next generation hospital with an intuitive design sensibility inspired by surrounding Finnish nature.

▼鸟瞰,aerial view © Tuomas Uusheimo

▼顶部停机坪,parking apron © Tuomas Uusheimo

▼建筑近景,a close view to the building © Tuomas Uusheimo

▼入口立面,entrance facade © Tuomas Uusheimo





▼体块生成:从分散的功能到围绕中央中庭布局的高效系统 © JKMM Architects
Diagram: from scattered functions to an effective system with a long public atrium around which all functions are organised

▼轴测图,axonometry © JKMM Architects

The aim was to design the next generation hospital, rethinking the building innovatively from within. Hospital Nova is not a single, large-scale and maze-like building. Instead, it is divided into four separate building typologies. These are ‘Hot Hospital’ (surgeries and specialised care), ‘Hotel’ (wards), ‘Health Care Shopping Mall’ (outpatients) and ‘Factory’ (supporting functions).

This model has several benefits, from providing better patient care to more efficient logistics. A large hospital is like a small city. It needs logical organisation. To achieve this, a new operation system was developed for Hospital Nova.

▼公路视角,view from the drive way © KUVIO M Sommerschield

▼立面近景,building facade © KUVIO M Sommerschield

▼立面标识,sign on the facade © Tuomas Uusheimo



▼剖面图,section © JKMM Architects

Since the 1950’s, the dominant architectural model for hospitals has been “tower with a podium”. This model was created when healthcare was centered around keeping patients in beds for a long time. As a result, the number of beds needed to be maximised and towers grew higher. Today, health care aims to keep patients in hospital for as short a time as possible, on average only two days.

So, the future hospital needs to be built around care processes and minimising beds. To achieve this, hospitals need a new operation system. In Hospital Nova, the model is similar to shopping malls and airports. All hospital functions are organised along a long public atrium.

All hospital functions are organised along a long public atrium © Hannu Rytky

▼中庭空间,atrium © Tuomas Uusheimo

项目团队为新星医院量身打造了一套独特的芬兰“热医院”(Hot Hospital)理念。“热医院”的意思是,所有每天24小时不间断运作的“热点”功能均集中在一个优化的功能单元当中,包括急诊、诊断、重症监护室和手术室。以上这些功能仅占医院总面积的25%。对比之下,现代医院核心功能的组织和布局要比老式医院更加紧凑和高效。新星医院的危重病人通道同样由JKMM事务所设计,能够确保将急诊病人快速地转移至手术室。

A unique Finnish ‘Hot Hospital’ concept was developed for Hospital Nova. ‘Hot Hospital’ means that all 24/7 ‘hot’ functions are gathered into one optimised functional unit (emergency, diagnostics, intensive care units and surgery). This occupies just 25% of the total area of the hospital. The key functions of the modern hospital are thus arranged in much more compact and effective way compared to old hospitals. A Critical Patient Pathway ensures rapid movement of emergency cases to operating theatres, also designed by JKMM.

▼诊疗单元,functional unit © Studio Juha Sarkkinen



A new model was also developed for Outpatients departments. These are designed as a ‘Health Care Shopping Mall’ in which all 360 consultation rooms are arranged along the main interior atrium. The consultation rooms are standardised and shared by different medical specialities. Patients stay in the same consultation room rather than moving from one part of the hospital to another, with doctors and nurses coming to see them there.

Communications among medical staff are greatly improved by doctors and nurses meeting and working together in the ‘Knowledge Centre’, a large shared workspace behind the consultation room zone. (There are no private staff rooms.) This is an effective system enabling medical specialists from different fields to consult each other thus ensuring a more holistic assessment of any individual patient.

▼医院走廊,corridor © Studio Juha Sarkkinen


Logistics and process flows were rethought to further maximise efficiency. Storage, for example, is minimized with the hospital using an on-demand delivery system. The goal was to make logistics as efficient as they are in factories and retail. Rethinking logistics and processes will make it possible to cut the operation costs of the hospital by 10%. As 1–2 year operation costs are on the same level as the entire construction costs of the new hospital, long term savings in operational outgoings are significant.

▼诊疗室走廊,consultation room corridor © Tuomas Uusheimo


To allow for future changes, Hospital Nova was designed to be as flexible as possible. Flexibility comes from the building’s modular structure, standardised spatial units and technical principles. As health care changes, the building is ready for change.

▼等候空间,waiting area © Pauliina Salonen




One of the main goals of Hospital Nova is to put the patient first. Several strategies were developed in terms of how to make this happen. Hospital Nova integrates primary and specialised health care into the same building. General doctors and nurses work within the whole system. All health care services can be found here. For patients, this is an easy and simple one-door system.

▼医院入口,entrance © Tuomas Uusheimo


The main internal space – the heart of Hospital Nova – is friendly and inviting, its three-storey atrium feeling more like a gallery or shopping centre rather than a traditional hospital interior. In Hospital Nova, you will not get lost. The plan and layout of the building is clear.

▼三层高的中庭,the three-storey atrium © Tuomas Uusheimo

▼画廊和购物中心般的场景,a gallery-like or shopping centre-like space © Tuomas Uusheimo


Visitors can orient themselves easily thanks to sightlines through different departments. The main entrance leads to a top-lit atrium that opens onto a restaurant, seminar room, art courtyard and a log-cabin kiosk. For children, there is also an open area playground designed using log structures. Most waiting areas in the hospital are designed so that they have views and natural light.

▼顶部采光的中庭,the top-lit atrium © Tuomas Uusheimo


Artificial lighting in the hospital is subdued in a way that is easy on the eye and complements the interiors. A serpentine white ceiling light invites visitors, patient and staff through the building. Handrails of the main public staircases are artfully lit to animate the interior and to further guide people through the hospital.

▼首层公共空间,public area on the ground floor © Tuomas Uusheimo

▼主公共楼梯,the main public staircases © Tuomas Uusheimo


All patient rooms in the wards are single-occupancy with en- suite bathrooms and provision for overnight visitors. With a hotel-like ambience, patients can almost forget that they are in a hospital. Single-occupancy rooms are flexible, offering a healing environment, privacy and a good night’s sleep while minimising infections.

▼病房外走廊,patient room corridor © Pauliina Salonen

▼病房区域,patient room zone © Pauliina Salonen

▼病房内部,patient room interior view © Pauliina Salonen

项目建筑师Juho Pietarila表示:“我们的首要任务是设计一座庞大却易于使用和定位的医疗建筑。在进入建筑时,人们不会立刻感到自己正身处医院。这也是为什么新星医院切实地打破了人们对于医院设计和医疗建筑在外观和体验上的成见。”

Project architect Juho Pietarila says, “Our priority was to design a hospital building that is easy for patients to use and orient themselves in, despite its massive size. On entering the building, it is also not immediately apparent that you’re entering a hospital. This is why Hospital Nova really does challenge preconceptions about hospital design and how hospitals might look and feel.” 

▼温馨的候诊空间,a friendly and cozy waiting area © Tuomas Uusheimo


The Hospital Nova region is known for its scenic lakeland district and is home to four national parks. To make the large hospital more human, nature was selected as the central theme for the hospital interiors. Colours, lights and artworks all tell stories connected to nature. A large variety of artworks was commissioned for Hospital Nova, to put the patient experience first.

▼中庭的艺术吊灯,the artistic light in the atrium © Studio Juha Sarkkinen

▼细节,detailed view © Hannu Rytky

JKMM室内建筑师Laura Hämäläinen表示:“大自然对人的治愈效果是众所周知的,这也是我们将于韦斯屈莱附近的国家公园作为室内设计灵感来源的原因。附近的松树林、山丘和湖泊等一系列为人们所熟悉的元素被引入建筑内部,共同创造出一种有意义的连接——这对于热爱自然的芬兰人而言尤为重要。”

JKMM Interior Architect Laura Hämäläinen says, “The positive and healing effects of nature are well known, and this is why we were drawn to looking at the national parks near Jyväskylä for our interior design concept. The nearby pine forests, hills and lakes are, of course, familiar to those using the hospital, and references to these in the building’s interior creates a meaningful connection and especially so for nature loving Finns.”

▼自然元素被引入建筑内部,natural elements are introduced into the building © Hannu Rytky

JKMM创始合伙人和新星医院首席建筑师Teemu Kurkela表示:“我们与医院怀有一个相同的愿景,即建造一座未来的芬兰医院。作为医疗建筑设计的新手,能够为新星医院产出新的概念、功能和技术创新可谓是一次振奋人心的经历。同时,我们希望打造一座将病人放在首位的建筑。芬兰的自然景色被用作设计的主题,有助于创造亲切又人性化的空间、营造治愈身心的医疗环境。”

Founding partner at JKMM and lead architect of Hospital Nova, architect Teemu Kurkela sums up the project, “We shared a vision with the hospital to create a future Finnish hospital. As outsiders to hospital design circles, we found it exciting to develop new conceptual, functional and technical innovations. At the same time, we wanted an architecture that puts the patient first. Finnish nature as the main design theme helped to create welcoming and human spaces, a healing hospital environment.”

▼建筑外观,exterior view © Tuomas Uusheimo

▼医院夜景,night view of the hospital building © Tuomas Uusheimo

▼轴测图,axon © JKMM Architects

▼负一层平面图,plan -1F © JKMM Architects

▼一层平面图,plan 1F © JKMM Architects

▼二层平面图,plan 2F © JKMM Architects

▼三层平面图,plan 3F © JKMM Architects

▼七层平面图,plan 7F © JKMM Architects

▼立面图,elevations © JKMM Architects

▼剖面图,sections © JKMM Architects

Location: Jyväskylä, Central Finland
Function: General Hospital
Size: 116 000 gross m2
Status: 2012 – completion 2021
Client: KSSHP, Central Finland Hospital District
Scope: Architecture, art integration, furniture design, graphic design, interior, signage system

lead architect, architect SAFA: Teemu Kurkela
architect SAFA: Asmo Jaaksi, Samuli Miettinen, Juha Mäki-Jyllilä, Aaro Martikainen, Anna Melander, Christopher Delany, Marko Salmela, Ville Hassi, Päivi Aaltio
assisting lead architect, architect SAFA: Riikka Heldan
project architect: Juho Pietarila
architect: Alli Bur, Gerrie Bekhuis, Jussi Jansson, Kimmo Kirvesmäki, Marko Pulli, Olli Vaskelainen, Pekka Tynkkynen, Rainer Virtanen
architect student: Jaakko Saraste
interior architect: Laura Hämäläinen, Raisa Hämäläinen, Timo Ryttäri
interior architect SIO: Veera Luostarinen, Kaisa Takala, Jorma Valkama
designer: Peter Vuorenrinne

Design partner: EGM architects
Project management constructor: SRV
Construction consultant: Ramboll CM Oy
Structural design, Geotechnical engineering, Audiovisual design: Ramboll Finland Oy
Electrical engineering: Ramboll Finland Oy and Easytec Oy
Graphic design: Aimonomia Oy
Acoustics and sound proofing: Akukon Oy
Signage design for vision impaired: Avaava Oy
Vacuum waste disposal system design: Ecosir Group
Helipad design: FinnHEMS Oy
HVAC and FMED engineering: Granlund Oy
IT & BIM consulting: Gravicon Oy
Pneumatic tube system design: Insinööritoimisto W. Zenner Oy
Landscape design: Loci Maisema-Arkkitehdit Oy
Fire consultant: Paloässät Oy
Institutional kitchen design: Suurkeittiö-Insinööritoimisto Rita Pulli Oy
Signage design: Werklig Oy
Transport planning: WSP Finland Oy

‘Notes of Lights’ artwork on the main facade: Tiina Pyykkinen
the wall of the auditorium: Pasi Karjula
‘Kukkajärvi’ (sea of flowers) light art installation on restaurant ceiling: Petri Vainio
Silent yard: Nora Tapper
second entrance: Jussi Heikkilä
artwork for the operation theaters and radiotherapy department: Jaana Kautto
hospital wards: Kati Immonen, Naoji Ishiyama, Aino-Kaarina Pajari, Johanna Pisto, Anna Ruth, Yuichiro Sato, Johanna Mäkitalo

Photography: Hannu Rytky, Pauliina Salonen, Studio Juha Sarkkinen, KUVIO M Sommerschield. Tuomas Uuusheimo
Videography: Tapio Snellman