项目描述 | Project Description
天津茱莉亚学院是一座集演出、排练、研究和互动展览于一体的艺术中心，设有多处公共空间，旨在欢迎公众参与到音乐创作过程及表演。天津茱莉亚学院是中国首家授予美国认证音乐硕士学位的表演艺术机构。这所新学院还提供面向8至18岁学生的星期六大学预科课程、面向专业人士和成人的继续教育课程、面向各年龄层音乐学生的公共教育课程，以及公开演出。学院的主体建筑面积达32,500平米，位于天津滨海新区于家堡金融区，由迪勒·斯卡菲狄欧与伦佛洛建筑事务所（Diller Scofidio + Renfro）设计，这家建筑事务所曾负责2009年茱莉亚学院标志性的纽约校区的扩建项目。
The Tianjin Juilliard School (TJS) is a center for performance, practice, research, and interactive exhibitions, with communal spaces that are designed to welcome the public into the creative process and performance of music. TJS is the first performing arts institution in China to confer a U.S.-accredited Master of Music (MM) degree. The new school also comprises a Saturday Pre-College program for students ages 8- 18; continuing education programs for professionals and adult learners; public education programs for music learners of all ages; and public performances. Located in the Yujiapu Financial District, the 32,500 m2 (350,000 square-foot) building was designed by Diller Scofidio + Renfro, the same firm responsible for the 2009 expansion of Juilliard’s iconic New York home.
▼视频，video © Footage by Zhang Chao, Courtesy of Diller Scofidio + Renfro (2021)
The building is composed of four faceted pavilions housing a 690-seat concert hall, a 299-seat recital hall, a 225-seat black box theater, and administrative, faculty, and rehearsal programs. Five glass bridges span an expansive public space that extends the surrounding park into the building, inviting students, visitors and concert goers to mingle, relax and experience the students practicing and giving informal performances. The glass bridges contain classrooms, teaching studios, and practice rooms, encouraging visual and auditory access to the study of music, inviting exchange between students, faculty and visitors.
▼学院南广场，South Plaza © 张超
The school utilizes leading edge telecommunication and video conferencing technologies to ensure a high degree of connectivity and collaboration between students and faculty at Tianjin Julliard School and The Juilliard School in New York. The Juilliard Imagination space, for example, is a digitally connected exhibition space, capable of hosting livestreamed concerts between both Juilliard facilities.
▼一层平面图，First Floor Plan © Diller Scofidio + Renfro
主要特色 | Major Features
Four pavilions serve as cornerstones for the campus, with glass bridges spanning a generous, column free space that extends the surrounding park into the building.
▼朝海河的方向鸟瞰校园，Aerial View Towards Hai River © 张超
North Plaza: The grain of the larger pedestrian systems intersecting on the site – visitors from the high speed railway station to the north, the park to the east, the town square to the west, and riverfront to the south – is recognized in a series of gardens in the north plaza designed in collaboration with Hargreaves Jones.
▼从高铁站望向建筑北立面，从North Elevation, Approach from Metro Station © 张超
South Plaza: Programmed as a performance and event venue amenity for Juilliard, as well as a community space, the plaza features stepped piano-key like seating and planting. The shallow reflecting pools form a dialogue with the nearby Hai River and create unique moments of reflection of the building and sky, adding an element of surprise where visitors can seemingly walk over water.
▼南广场倒影池日景，South Plaza Reflecting Pool, Daytime View © 张超
Lobby: This 2,260 m2 (24,000 square-foot) generous, column-free space at ground level features four sky-lit atriums that draw light down to lower levels programmed by a café, grove seating and tilt-up grandstand seating, a features also found at Juilliard New York. With six entrances accessible from every direction, the lobby provides interior access to all three concert venues as well as a public space usable all-year-round by citizens of and visitors to Yujiapu.
Bridges: Five windowed bridges span the pavilions, housing two levels of instructional spaces including 12 classrooms, 23 teaching studios, and 86 practice rooms of diverse sizes that can be viewed from the lobby below. Where the bridges intersect, students can gather in intimate, double height lounges with panoramic views of the city or the Hai River.
▼中堂和廊桥，Lobby and Bridges © 张超
场馆 | Pavilions
音乐厅(负一层) ：音乐厅面积810平米 (8,700平方英尺)，是学院的主要演出场所，设有690个座席，包括80个包厢。环绕式布局有助于观众和表演者之间建立更加密切的关系。音乐厅配备机械化木制舞台升降系统，可以实现各种舞台布局转换。大厅采用桉木饰板包覆，营造出温馨的混响环境。拉起玻璃幕墙上的电动遮阳帘，即可将海河作为演出的壮丽背景。机械化高架照明装置可为音乐会舞台和音乐家提供最佳的照明效果。
Level (-1) Concert Hall: The 810 m2 (8,700 square-foot) Concert Hall is the institution’s primary performance facility with a seating capacity of 690, including 80 balcony seats. Surround-configuration allows for a more intimate relationship between the audience and performers. The hall features mechanized wood stage risers that can transform the stage into various configurations. The hall is clad in eucalyptus wood, creating a warm, reverberant environment. A glass façade equipped with motorized blackout shades offers a view to the Hai River as a dramatic backdrop for performances. Overhead mechanized lighting positions allow for optimal illumination of the concert stage and the musicians.
▼音乐厅，Concert Hall © 张超
Level (-1) Recital Hall: The 440 m2 (4,700 square-foot) Recital Hall is the acoustic workhorse of the school with nearly continuous use for student and faculty recitals. Clad in eucalyptus wood, the Recital Hall also features a surround configuration – rare in intimate recital halls- with a seating capacity of 299, and a 14 meter x 6 meter stage with a glass façade overlooking the nearby park and reflecting pool.
Level (-1) Black Box Theater: The 400 m2 (4,300 square-foot) Black Box Theater has been designed for multi-media performances as well as recitals, small ensembles and chamber opera, and dance events. The theater has a seating capacity of 225, including telescopic seating and an overhead wire rope grid that allows for flexible audience and lighting configurations.
Level (-1) Large Rehearsal Rooms: Three 110 m2 (1,180 square-foot) rehearsal rooms function both as education and performance spaces, equipped for real time audio recording. The rehearsal rooms are located in the same B1 level as the Concert Hall and Recital Hall stage to allow easy movement of large instruments from one space to the other.
▼演奏厅排练场景，Recital Hall Rehearsal © 张超
Level (-1) Juilliard Imagination: Juilliard Imagination is a multi-faceted, digital learning environment for exploring a rich tapestry of music, dance, and drama, providing a unique opportunity for the public to learn about Juilliard. This dedicated 810 m2 (8,800 square-foot) space has curated interactive displays with exciting audio and visual experiences incorporating virtual reality and other cutting-edge technologies powered by Sony.
▼茱莉亚幻想空间，Juilliard Imagination Space © 张超
Level (2, 3, and 4) Offices: Three of the four pavilions house administrative offices in their upper levels. These levels feature open office plans with large atria to draw in daylight.
Level (4) Orchestral Rehearsal: A 270 m2 (2,900 square-foot) rehearsal space above the main concert hall opens up to a roof terrace with views of the Hai River. In addition to housing the full orchestra for rehearsals, the space can be used as a multi-purpose, pre-function room and event space to host events, including a 120-person seated dinner. Direct access from the ground level is provided by an external stair clad in faceted wood panels.
Level (4, 5) Library: The 560 m2 (6,000 square-foot) library offers reading rooms, reference sections, as well as computer and multimedia stations for faculty and staff. The open stacks on Level 5 can be seen through a glass floor from the reading room below.
Rooftop Terrace: A publicly accessible rooftop terrace outside the orchestral hall with planting, paving, and bench seating provides views of the nearby Hai River.
▼乐团排练厅，Orchestral Rehearsal Space © 张超
声学性能 | Acoustic Performance
与 Jaffe Holden(同时也是茱莉亚学院纽约校区的声学设计公司)合作设计，天津茱莉亚学院旨在满足世界一流的声学隔音要求，同时不影响建筑的开放性和透明度。天津茱莉亚学院在所有可测声学标准中达到最高声学性能，包括接近人类听力阈值的NC-15背景噪声水平。许多在纽约茱莉亚学院成功应用的战略性材料、表面处理工艺和空间结构也在天津校区得到应用。
两个校园共同采用的策略包括盒中盒隔音技术和可调节声学幕帘，拥有相同规格的演出厅座席，并在练习室和教学区装配相同的定制钢制隔音门。音乐厅通过采用巨型弹簧基座而获得隔音效果，同时舞台下方的声学谐振室可增强大提琴和低音提琴的音效。天津茱莉亚学院的音乐厅也采用了与Alice Tully Hall舞台后墙和侧墙相似的独特的扩散锥体，来扩散乐声并提升音调平顺度。乐团排练厅采用了与纽约校区相同的翻转式木墙饰板，以便 针对各种演出或排练对室内进行微调。
Designed in collaboration with Jaffe Holden, the same acoustician for Juilliard’s New York campus, TJS was built to meet the high demands for world- class acoustics and sound isolation, without compromising the building’s openness and transparency. TJS achieves the highest level of acoustic performance in all measurable acoustic criteria, including NC-15 background noise levels which is near the threshold of human hearing. Many of the same strategic material, surface and space configuration proven successful in Juilliard New York were also implemented in Tianjin.
The common strategies used in both campuses include box-in-box isolation and adjustable acoustic banners, as well as the same specifications for seating in the performance halls and the same custom steel acoustic doors in the practice and teaching areas. The concert hall is acoustically isolated on giant springs and an acoustic resonant chamber under the stage enhances the sound of cello and bass. Distinctive diffusion cones identical to those found on the upstage wall and side walls of Alice Tully Hall were also used in the TJS concert hall to disperse sound and reduce the harshness of tone. In the Orchestral Rehearsal space, flipping wood wall panels also utilized in Juilliard New York allow the room to be fine-tuned for any performance or rehearsal.
▼演出中的音乐厅，Concert Hall Performance © 张超
In order to foster both a visual and aural connection between visitors in the lobby and students in the practice rooms, the glazing of the bridges was engineered to let moderate sound from the practice rooms pass into the lobby, while lobby sound is hushed when penetrating the sound-absorptive practice spaces. The lobby acoustics are tempered with slatted-wood acoustic soffits under all the bridges, micro-perforated wood wall panels at each performance hall entrance, and upper wall acoustic plaster panels.
▼从廊桥俯瞰中堂，View from Bridge to Lobby © 张超
建筑材料 | Building Materials
The exterior materials and cladding for the building include high-performance glass assemblies, bead blasted stainless steel, glass fiber reinforced concrete (GFRC), and Parklex wood panels. The pavilion walls in the lobby are clad in the GFRC of the exterior walls. The bridges utilize triple glazed IGU enclosures that broadcast their activities from the building’s lobby and public spaces. A continuous surface of stone paving connects the main lobby with the exterior plaza to emphasize the extension from indoor to outdoor.
▼建筑南立面，South Elevation © 张超
可持续性 | Sustainability
▼中堂天窗剖面细节，Lobby Skylight Transverse Section Detail © Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Large skylights flood the public lobby with direct sunlight, providing sufficient lighting for plants that are normally grown outdoors. Exterior shades provide solar control. Solar heat gain is reduced by a radiant floor cooled by water circulated through tubing embedded in the structural foundation piles. This simple, low-tech solution maintains the architectural design intent for the lobby and bridge. Dedicated outdoor air systems with energy recovery, coupled with radiant heating and cooling panels condition all but the larger performance spaces. The Concert and Recital halls utilize underfloor displacement ventilation for enhanced air quality, comfort, and energy performance.
▼中堂和咖啡厅区域，Lobby and Cafe © 张超
结构特征 | Structural Features
横跨于无柱中堂上方的廊桥桁架达50-60米 (165-200英尺)，由场馆中的支柱和支承架提供支撑。廊桥的修建依托于场馆之间的互连结构以及 10米(32英尺)桁架。每个场馆还设计了悬挑梁，以展示内部的活动，由作为后跨以防止倾覆的廊桥桁架提供支撑。为提供最佳的声学性能，将演奏厅和音乐厅作为主结构内的独立建筑而建造，仅通过基座处的大型隔音弹簧连接。
▼南北剖面图，N-S Section © Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Arup engineers sought to integrate the distinct main spaces and their connecting bridges into a single structure, free of movement joints. From a structural perspective, the result was essentially a single building, as opposed to a more conventional solution of a series of smaller buildings and bridges in close proximity. Eliminating movement joints enabled an uncompromised expression of exterior finish materials as well as improved weather protection of the exterior envelope. In addition, leveraging the full extent of the project as a single structure offered maximum efficiency against wind and seismic action. Since local codes strongly promoted the conventional approach, ECADI undertook extensive analysis to demonstrate that the integral structure would perform more effectively.
Bridges trusses spanning 50-60 meters (165-200 feet) floating above the column-free lobby are supported by columns and braced frames located in the pavilions. The bridges rely on interconnectivity between the pavilions for support, as well as 10 meter (32 foot) trusses. Each of the pavilions also feature cantilevers to reveal the activity within, supported by the bridge trusses which act as back spans to resist overturning. To provide optimal acoustic performance, the recital hall and the concert hall were constructed as independent buildings within the main structure, connected only by large sound isolation springs at their bases.
▼南广场倒影池夜景，South Plaza Reflecting Pool, Nighttime View © 张超
▼负一层平面图，Basement Level 1 Plan © Diller Scofidio + Renfro
▼二层平面图，Second Floor Plan © Diller Scofidio + Renfro
▼四层平面图，Fourth Floor Plan © Diller Scofidio + Renfro
▼东西立面图，E-W Section © Diller Scofidio + Renfro
▼演奏厅双层立面局部剖面，Recital Hall Double Facade Head Detail © Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Diller Scofidio + Renfro
The Tianjin Juilliard School is a joint venture partnership among The Juilliard School, the Tianjin Conservatory of Music (TJCM), Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area Administrative Commission, and the Tianjin Innovative Financial Investment Co. (TIFI). The Juilliard School oversees the hiring of senior administration as well as the directing of the academic and artistic curriculum.
Tianjin, China—Yujiapu (Binhai); Adjacent to Hai River and steps from the high-speed rail station, positioning the school 45 minutes away from downtown Beijing by high-speed train. (Google map link)
1969: The Juilliard Center arrives at its new home at Lincoln Center, designed by Pietro Belluschi. 2003: DS+R is commissioned to renovate and expand the Juilliard School.
2009: DS+R completes the renovation and expansion of Lincoln Center in New York.
2014: DS+R is commissioned for the Tianjin Juilliard School.
2017: Construction begins on site in Tianjin.
2018: The building’s steel structure is completed.
2020: Construction is completed and the Tianjin Juilliard School opens to students on October 26.
Design Architect: Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Executive Architect: East China Architectural Design & Research Institute (ECADI) Landscape: Hargreaves Jones
Structure/MEP: ECADI with Arup
Acoustics: Jaffe Holden Acoustics
Theater: Fisher Dachs Associates
Curtain Wall: Front
Lighting: Tillotson Design Associates
AV/IT: Shen Milsom Wilke
General Contractor: MCC Tiangong Group Co., Ltd.
Facade Glazing: Luoyang North Glass Technology Co., Ltd
Facade Wood Cladding: Parklex International S.L.
Performance Hall Wood Veneer: SanFoot