The base locates in the Dingrong Village, which is the the most northern village in Quanzhou and deep in the Daiyun mountains. The village is famous for the ginkgoes, 27 ginkgo trees of 400 or 500 years old intersperse over the village. In the late autumn and the early winter, the golden ginkgo leaves embellish the patches of broad-leaved forest, form a rustic rural feeling together with the ancient folk houses with the characteristics of southern Fujian. Surrounding the village, the bamboo forest groves around the mountains, which seem to be protecting this ancient pure land. The special geographical location and inconvenient traffic preserved the village from being disturbed by outside wolrd for hundreds of years, the original natural features are retained.
▼乡村与重山，the country and the mountains ©赵奕龙
▼布局延续村庄肌理，the layout of the design follows the texture of the village morphology ©赵奕龙
Driving from the urban to the town and then following the narrow village road, we came to the hamlet. We stopped the car under the lush ginkgo trees, that blocked the view. By then it was still in the early summer, the ginkgo season haven’t come yet, we climbed along the steps covered with weeds, and find the construction that we need to transform this time — a old wooden dwelling folk house in the weeds. The old house has the structure of typical characteristics of southern Fujian calls “ Sanhe courtyard ”, and there is a 300 years old ginkgo tree outside the courtyard which seems to be protecting the house. There were some burnt incenses, gold paper and candles in the hall. The owner of the house kept the tradition of southern china, would come back from the city to worship their ancestors in every Chinese New Year and the Qingming Festival, which brings some vigorous atmosphere to the old house. There is a firewood room and a bathroom close to the east of the main chamber, and to the east is a grove of bamboo, under which a path connects the house to the outer village road.
▼两层木结构民居与原有柴火房，a old wooden dwelling folk house and the firewood room ©RESP Studio
The hall of the main chamber has a tall storey height, while the wing-rooms on both sides are lower. Single rooms and kitchen inside the old house feels gloomy, even though they are with doors and windows, while the rest of the halls and corridors are opened, which are bright and ventilated. The old trees, courtyard, corridors,steps and the mountain in the distance, all these elements constitute every fragments of the old house, walking in these scenes is just like walking in a small village .The design-build method of the old house is a combination of post-and-lintel construction and column and tie construction. The roof truss of the middle hall is the most part that remains intact and exquisite of the house. The structure of the beams and columns are easy ro trace, while the rest parts are obviously dilapidated.
▼屋架与新屋架，the new roof truss and the old roof truss in construction ©RESP Studio
1.By means of the transformation of the first B&B in Ginkgo Village to arouse the vitality of the village, and promote the tourism card of “Ginkgo Village” further in order to let more people pay attention to the old villages and ancient Ginkgo trees. Through these, we hope to boost the rural revitalization.
2.For the owners of the house, this dilapidated old house is the spiritual belonging of their family and he wish to preserve the memory of the “main chamber”.
▼轴测图，axonometric drawing ©RESP Studio
The village is located on a mountainous terrain, and the local dwellings are built along with such. For hundreds of years, the villagers have chosen the suitable site for construction. The project site faces north,and it is long and narrow from east to west, high in the south and low in the north. The layout of the design follows the texture of the village morphology. The main house and annexes are built along the east-west direction of the land to restore the fragmentary site. The architectural style should be integrated into the village, and the building volume should be able to separate into pieces in order to integrate with the surrounding environment.
▼项目概览，overall of the project ©赵奕龙
▼水庭空间，the space of the water yard ©赵奕龙
“Ancient trees, mountains and the courtyard” become the key of the design, the usage of internal and external space transformation and penetration to response to the narrowness of land use, five rooms gather in the main chamber, the ways to get to tearoom, restaurant, kitchen or toilet have to get through the outdoor space, this design is the inheriting of old house, would form certain “wandering” alleys, and would produce some “inconveniences” to show the differences of rural area and urban space. Alleys, ancient trees, buildings, water and bamboos can form the multi-direction switch, these would expand the path for experiencing, enlarge the space effect and enrich the place, walking through these spaces, is like wandering in a small village, and would continue the space experience of the old house.
▼“游走”的空间，“wandering” space ©赵奕龙
▼水庭空间和开阔的视野，the water yard and the wide visual field ©赵奕龙
Under the ancient trees, the sound of falling water brings vitality to the whole space. Wandering through the stepping stones on water surface, one can come into the lobby bar. As the central space of the B&B, opening the glazed door facing the distant mountains, the surface of the water reflects the blue sky. The new roof truss, the old roof truss, the water and the distant mountains formed a time traveling picture together.
▼信步水面汀步走入大堂，Wandering through the stepping stones on water surface ©赵奕龙
▼“游走”的院落空间，“wandering” courtyard space ©赵奕龙
The ancient village is located at a high altitude with inconvenient traffic. therefore the design-build methods are ecological and primitive. Most wall foundation of the dwellings were built with pebbles from the stream down by the mountain, woods were used to construct roof trusses, the walls were put up by bamboo rattan plastered with immature soil, and the roofs were covered with Chinese-style tile. In order to continue the local construction elements, the design uses bamboo balustrades, bamboo woven ceilings, Chinese-style tile roofing, plaster exterior walls and other building materials. The steel structure was used in order to reflect the traditional timberwork.
▼“握手阳台”，“handshake balcony” ©赵奕龙
▼ 屋顶青瓦 ，墙面生土抹面， the roofs tile ，the walls are covered with soil ©RESP Studio
Difficulties in Construction
The owner required to continue the memory of the old house, the design puts forward to keep in the hall roof truss in order to form a sense of the speaking between “new” and “old” and thus construct the effect of “room inside the room, house inside the house”, which brought a greater difficulty to the construction. We need the craft to fine process the dilapidated old timber frame in order to keep the traces of history. The old roof truss is needed be protected as an element of interior space in the lobby bar, which would become a narrator of history, also the tie between the present and the past. It is the spiritual space of this project,in the future, this location could also be used as a village hall and the countryside museum.
▼大堂室内，photos inside the lobby ©赵奕龙
▼打开门扇，融入自然，open the door and set yourself inside the nature ©赵奕龙
▼大堂看向室外廊巷，木构架加强视线通廊，looking at the corridor from the lobby, timber frame improve the visual corridor ©赵奕龙
Limited by the budget, the process of construction faced large number of difficulties, mobile machineries shops can not be driven into the lane in the back of the house, we widen the road to satisfy the need of construction, so the construction measures expense is over budget, which also affects the construction fund. At the same time, because of the other factors, the plan of building a kitchen and a bathroom as new single buildings has to be canceled and changes to transform the original toilet, the location of kitchen in the original design is changed to be the outdoor dining area, the firewood room transformed into a dining room.
▼大堂二层，the second floor of the lobby ©赵奕龙
▼大堂局部，detail of the lobby ©赵奕龙
The viewing angles
The viewing angle of the ancient ginkgo：As a narrow construction site, the framing of the building is around the ancient trees. The gate of the courtyard is located under the ancient tree, one needs to lower your head and lean to one side to keep yourself from touching the brunch of the ancient tree, then, you can reach the gate. It is the first touch of the ancient tree. The tearoom, as a relaxing place, the window height is intentionally lowered so that one can observe the ancient trees and their reflections on the surface of water while sitting and sipping tea. In the alley, the outer walls of the main hall and the tearoom form a longitudinal view frame, framing the ancient trees and the surface of water. The observatory is the best place to see full-length photos of ancient tree.
▼古树下的建筑，building under the ancient tree ©赵奕龙
▼由室内看向古树，viewing the ancient tree from interior ©赵奕龙
The viewing angle of the mountain in the distant: Due to the site condition and the orientation, the tearoom was turned to the east by an angle, therefore, a wide transverse view of the distant mountains could be guaranteed for the main chamber. The observatory also keeps a safe distance from the north retaining wall of the site, it also keep paralleled to the distant mountains.
▼瞭望台，the observatory ©赵奕龙
▼远山连绵在清晨的山雾中，mountains inside the mountain fog in the morning ©赵奕龙
The viewing angle of the bamboo forest: From the balcony of the east guest room on the second floor, one can look across the roof ridge and take a look at the bamboo forest. On the second floor of the dining room, the bamboo forest is framed by large windows and becomes the background of the dining room. While walking through the alleys, bamboo leaves rustle in the wind, the space becomes more peaceful.
▼二层餐厅窗外竹林 ，the bamboo forest outside the window the dining room on the second floor ©赵奕龙
▼横向取景框，transverse view frame ©赵奕龙
The largest guest room has a loft layer, and the elevated space faces the ancient tree, this would form a sense of conversation between human beings and the ancient trees, as well as the interior and exterior spaces. The balcony of the west guest room on the second floor is adjacent to the farmland path of the terrace, forming a “handshake balcony”, on which the users can actually shake hands with the old farmers passing by. The east rooms face the bamboo forest, bamboos are luxuriant and will not block the view, every time when the wind comes through, bamboo leaves would swish.
▼最大客房的跃层空间，The largest guest room has a loft layer ©赵奕龙
▼二层客房外竹林，the bamboo forest outside the guest room on the second floor ©赵奕龙
▼总平面图，master plan ©RESP Studio
▼一层平面图，first floor plan ©RESP Studio
▼二层平面图，second floor plan ©RESP Studio
▼立面图，elevation ©RESP Studio
▼剖面图，section ©RESP Studio
主创及设计团队：陈延安 周伟栋 游兰兰 林勇 叶明鸿 庄志清 张锦杰 黄裕锋 明廷龙