In 2014 a salmon ladder was opened at the Kvåsfossen waterfall in Lyngdal, Norway. As part of the ladder, an underground artificial pool was included to allow the public to see the passing salmon. Due to the public interest and for practical reasons, a visitor centre was built to accomodate the public here.
▼游客中心鸟瞰，aerial view of the visitor center ©Tom Auger
The plot just above the salmon ladder provides a spectacular location at the edge of a cliff with the Lynga river at the bottom. As such, the location itself and the visitors´ centre provide a striking contrast between being at the edge of the cliff, as opposed to down below in the underground salmon ladder. In addition the centre is surrounded by dense oak woodland, which adds to the distinctive character of the location.
▼远景，游客中心位于瀑布上方，distanced view of the visitor center located above the waterfall ©Tom Auger
▼建筑靠近悬崖边缘，building at the edge of the cliff ©Tom Auger
▼从悬崖下仰望游客中心，look up at the visitor center from below the cliff ©Tom Auger
▼河流、步道与建筑图解，diagram of the river, the walk path and the buildings
A part of the experience is to walk the path along the river up to the waterfall, cross an old bridge and pass through woodland back to the visitors centre. With the main road nearby, the building also needs to provide a screen, such that the landscape can be enjoyed without being disturbed by noise from traffic. This in addition to the fact that the building is visible from the road and provides a signal that here there is something of interest. This dual role is provided by the roof, which due to the buildings low position in relation to the road, acts as a facade towards the road.
▼沿河步道，walk path along the river ©Tom Auger
The roof is both large and low and has some typical and some unusual characteristics. The sloping roof atop the rectangular plan is in itself typical 70´s style (and thereby related to many of the houses in the nearby village), whilst the juxtaposition of the two roofs, together with the lack of eaves and the roofing material are not. The ventilation units on the roof have a double function as signs, and they also contribute to a subtle effect of being atypical, since they are too large and of the wrong type material to be chimneys or louvers.
roof acts as a signal towards the main road ©Tom Auger
▼从马路看向屋顶，view to the roof from the road ©Tom Auger
From the subdued aspect towards the parking lot, the building opens up internally and is much larger than the first impression from the entrance area. The apparent limited size viewed from the east gives the impression of a residential building, whilst the actual size is much closer to a public building. A third ambiguity lies in the choice of materials and colours. The external cladding is impregnated with traditional tarbased stain. The smell of this gives the impression of 150 year old building traditions, but at the same time the colour gives a much more modern appearance.
▼小尺度入口，entrance in limited size ©Tom Auger
▼通向主空间的走廊，corridor connected to the main space ©Tom Auger
进入游客中心，空间中部是人们最喜欢的场所，他们可以坐在窗边，欣赏惊人的悬崖峭壁。这与Jensen & Skodvins的uvet Landskapshotell有许多共同之处，后者位于挪威的Møre og Romsdal，代表了当地在亲近自然方面的进一步发展。窗前下沉的地面为游客提供了座椅。
Up in the visitor´s centre a natural favourite with the public is the area in the centre of the building, where you can sit by the window apparently on the edge of a dramatic cliff edge. This has a lot in common with Jensen & Skodvins “Juvet Landskapshotell” at another location in Norway (Valldal, Møre og Romsdal) and represents a further development of the close-to-nature effect applied there, whereby in this case the floor is sunk immediately in front of the window to provide a sitting place.
▼宽敞的空间，large-scaled space ©Tom Auger
▼欣赏风景的巨大开窗，large openings to enjoy the view ©Tom Auger
▼窗前下沉的地面形成座位，sunken floor in front of the window becoming seating areas ©Tom Auger
The different windows in the building provide varied views of the river as one moves along the cliff edge. The views towards the dense oak woodland outside give a varied light effect that is best experienced by moving a small distance away from the windows. Some of the light openings are formed as plain glass panes and present “removal of wall areas”, whilst others have defined frames and present “holes in the wall”. The latter are similar to traditional windows and contribute to the ambiguity between the traditional and the modern, which also interacts in the building´s exterior.
overlook the river ©Tom Auger
▼橡树林的光影，light and shadows of the oak woodland ©Tom Auger
This building is both small and large. It is both modern and traditional and it represents both comfortable places for contemplation up on the cliff’s edge, and raw encounters with the dripping wet infrastructure of the fish ladder underneath it.
▼近距离接触鱼梯，raw encounter with the fish ladder ©Tom Auger
▼观看鱼类游过，see the fish swimming by ©Tom Auger
▼总平面图，site plan ©Rever & Drage Architects
▼平面图，plan ©Rever & Drage Architects
▼立面图，elevations ©Rever & Drage Architects
details ©Rever & Drage Architects
Project name: Kvåsfossen
Architects: Rever & Drage Architects
Design team: Tom Auger, Martin Beverfjord, Eirik Lilledrange
Client: Kvåsfossen – Sørnorsk Laksesenter
Location: Kvås, Vest-Agder, Norway
Area: 450 sqm (only visitor center)
Photo: Tom Auger