dongqi Design栋栖设计应XC273 by XCOMMONS委托改造位于上海市中心的一座三层旧厂房做为其全新多功能商业空间。建筑起初为毛巾厂，后在历史进程中所承载的功能经历过无法追溯的数次改变，最终呈现在建筑师面前时，是如废墟般暴露着原始的结构。XC273决定一定程度上保留这种状态，以发展建筑原本的特征作为此次改造的出发点。dongqi Design栋栖设计通过模糊时间，真实呈现不同时期的材料和构造，为这个重生的复合功能空间创造有别于传统的零售体验。
Situated in the heart of Shanghai city, the three-story old factory that dongqi Design was commissioned to renovate presents itself as a historical ruin where the raw structure was truly exposed in all its magnificent. Conscious of this beauty, dongqi Design developed its own approach that enhances the peculiar characteristics of the building by creating a contrast between the old and new finish materials for this new fashion and art hub that is going to break the rules of the retail experience.
▼空间概览，overall view of the space ©刘瑞特
The presence of three voids inside the space allowed the studio to develop an internal circulation system without a dead-end point. In the plans, it is possible to see how the deep study of the functions and the space could create a continuous internal flow enabled by different paths, allowing visitors to have a unique spatial experience filled with surprises, discoveries and unfolding of the space itself.
▼剖面图，纵向交通系统，section, vertical circulation system
As the starting point of the journey, the entrance is the first highlight point that the visitors are going to approach. By subtracting potential retail space, dongqi Design decided to create this entrance that, like an underground tunnel, leads people into an immersive experience. A blurred space, it is where the boundary between public streets and retail are dissipated.
▼入口梯形隧道，tunnel at the entrance ©刘瑞特
To enhance this journey inside the XC273 retail store, a sound tunnel was placed at the ground floor near the café area to allow visitors to directly connect the two different areas of the building in an immersive experimental music experience. Like a space-time machine, the tunnel creates unique moments where the reflection of the floor engages with the perception of the visitors, altered also by the stretched length of the corridor.
cafe beside the entrance ©刘瑞特
stainless steel sliding door defining the space ©刘瑞特
stainless steel staircase and the sound tunnel connecting the front and back areas ©刘瑞特
inside view of the sound tunnel ©刘瑞特
This horizontal time travel can also be experienced vertically as visitors may reach the third floor visually from the first and the second floor. Having this panoramic view of the three-story building, it is possible to notice that each floor reveals its own paving and ceiling. A Kaleidoscope of identities. In order to increase this sense of the journey as if one was exploring a forest, mirror finish was applied to walls and ceiling to disorient the visitors so that every single corner can become a moment of surprise, as described in the Stendhal’s syndrome.
sunken plaza with view to the ceiling of the third floor ©刘瑞特
specific designed lightings ©刘瑞特
Despite the different paths in the space, the main void in the atrium is the real core of the building. To enhance the physical presence of the void, a water pond is placed in the middle, engaging with people and with the space. Its reflection, the continuity of the floor and the liquid element create intriguing effects where the ceiling lighting is mirrored onto the floor.
▼树脂地面如水面的眼神，the resin flooring as if the extension of the pool ©刘瑞特
▼地面反光细部，details of the reflection on the floor ©刘瑞特
Following the idea of exposing the existing structure finish, all the surfaces of the column surrounding the main void, like in a temple, are exposed towards the water pond, wrapped with different new materials such as stone, wood and metal on the other two sides. By using different and contrasting materials within the same architectural space, the studio intended to create a more dramatic perception. This “sandwich” approach is later on extended to the display fixtures design, where the principle for the design of the column near the main void also applies, in order to create a sense of spatial continuity.
▼柱子阵列围合空间，array of columns enclosing the space ©刘瑞特
▼墙面和柱子材料细部，material details of the wall and columns ©刘瑞特
This design philosophy is also true for the second floor, where new paving finish is used in contrast with the old to enhance the peculiar existing terrazzo floor composed of geometrical patterns. Another characteristic that defines the project’s design approach is the ceiling design that differentiates each area by using distinct types of lighting customized by dongqi Design.
▼二层保留原始的水磨石地面，original terrazzo floor restored on the second floor ©刘瑞特
▼地面和混凝土梁细部，details of the floor and the concrete beam ©刘瑞特
At the end of the path, the third floor is accessed by the stair suspended above the water pond, which enables visitors a more intriguing experience by crossing through the ceiling, a tiny cut into the slab. Up there, the white finish has been designed to enhance the old wooden structure of the pitched roof while the big square opening lets light inside the space and projects the visitors towards the city and the sky outside.
▼三层纯白空间，white space on the third floor ©刘瑞特
▼开放式商业区细部，details of the open commercial area ©刘瑞特
▼展架细部，details of the display podium and shelves ©刘瑞特
In order to balance the white and pure space of the third floor, the VIP room reveals itself as a dark gem. Different materials give continuity to the space thanks to their black color finish, which, during spring and summer, allows the color of the trees nearby to penetrate into the space, creating a unique private experience.
black VIP room ©刘瑞特
The key element connecting all the spaces is the design of the stairs, a milestone in the design process and in the journey path. After extensive consultation with structural engineers, the stairs are presented as they are in their pure structure. All the decorative elements have been removed in order to focus on their function.
stainless steel staircase ©刘瑞特
This decision, which is also aligned with the will of having a coherent language with the entire space of revealing and showing the structure, is enhanced by the details of the balustrade. The fence of the balustrade is designed as a simple element sliding into the structural beam of the stairs at the bottom while having a profile on the top to allow visitors to grab the handrail without interfering with the fence. Due to its stainless-steel properties, the stairs are a strong and ephemeral presence inside the space, creating interesting effects with the sun and light reflections.
details of the balustrade ©刘瑞特
As part of the design process, the approach to the old factory is influenced by the history of the building. During the initial phases of the site checking, the attention of dongqi Design was caught by the past of the building. Born as a factory, the building has been transformed by several architectural interventions in different parts over time. Conscious of this, dongqi Design decide to keep all the differences of the space and show the history of the building so that people walking in could feel that the boundaries between the past and the present are completely blurred, as if they had walked into a timeless space.
external view of the building ©刘瑞特
▼一层平面图，first floor plan ©栋栖设计
▼二层平面图，second floor plan ©栋栖设计
▼三层平面图，third floor plan ©栋栖设计
建筑、室内、灯具、道具设计：dongqi Design 栋栖设计
DESIGN: Mar 2021
COMPLETION: Feb 2022
LOCATION: Lane 273, Jiaozhou Rd, Shanghai
Architecture, interior, lighting, fixture design: dongqi Design
Design Director: JIANG Nan
Project Designers: Edoardo Nieri, Weijing He
Team: Danyi Zhang, Ning Wang, Hardy Huang, Ruisheng Yang, Yijun Zhou, Yixin Tu, Yijun Yan, Asteria Chen, Wenjing You
Photography: Raitt Liu
Project Concept: XCOMMONS
Art Direction: XimonLee
Structural Engineer: Shanghai Sanyao Structural Consulting & Design
Project Management & General Contractor: Shanghai Topin Decoration