Pragma是一家位于阿联酋的建筑工作室,设计了8880平方英尺(约825平方米)的展馆,展馆周围环绕着大片在阿联酋城市环境中依然可见的传统建筑特色——核状屏风墙。历史上,这种墙是为了兼顾私密性和自然通风而建,Pragma咨询了Aectual公司,在这些特色墙体的基础之上打造了3D打印版本。两家公司合作开发了复杂的3D打印三角形体块,它们像巨型拼图一样组合在一起,创造出吸引人的半透明墙体。

Pragma, a UAE based architecture studio, designed the 8880 sqft pavilion surrounded by an expansive claustra wall, a traditional architectural feature that can still be seen in the UAE urban environment . Historically built to create privacy whilst allowing air to come through as natural ventilation, Pragma consulted Aectual to create a modern 3D printed take on these characteristic walls. Together, they developed intricate triangular-shaped 3D printed blocks that fit together like an immense jigsaw puzzle, creating a mesmerizing translucent wall.

▼建筑外观,external view ©Hans Vermeulen

▼建筑立面,facade ©Hans Vermeulen

庭院内的建筑表面皆覆盖着绿色的轻质Aectual织板,其定制图案参考了核状屏风墙的图案。Aectual织板可以灵活使用,并且由植物基塑料3D打印而成,呈现出近乎交织的外观。

The building inside the courtyard is clad entirely in green lightweight Aectual Weave panels with a custom pattern that relates to the claustra wall pattern. Aectual Weave panels are flexible and 3D printed in a plant-based plastic, and have an almost woven appearance.

▼核状屏风墙,claustra walls ©Hans Vermeulen

▼交织的外观,woven appearance ©Hans Vermeulen

▼由入口望向庭院内建筑,view to the buildings in the courtyard from the entrance ©Hans Vermeulen

▼建筑表面皆覆盖绿色的轻质Aectual织板,the building inside the courtyard is clad entirely in green lightweight Aectual Weave panels ©Hans Vermeulen

Pragma的联合创始人兼负责人Ahmed Khadier说:“核状屏风墙围合庭院,在阿联酋馆中塑造出十分独特的沉浸式景观体验。我们希望利用3D打印的特点,使其成为促进未来建筑和城市朝着更加循环的方向发展的建造方式。与Aectual团队的合作,加上他们对可回收3D打印方式的青睐,促使我们造就了现代而优雅的美学,这种美学在可持续的方式中融合了传统与创新。”

Ahmed Khadier, Co-founder and Principal of Pragma: “The claustra wall that defines the perimeter of the garden was integral in delivering an immersive experience of a very specific type of landscape in the UAE pavilion. We wanted to capitalize on the inherent qualities of 3D printing as a construction method that promotes a transition to a more circular way of making buildings & cities of the future. The collaboration with Aectual’s team and reliance on their recyclable 3D printing approach allowed us to achieve a modern and elegant aesthetic that blends tradition with innovation in a sustainable production method.”

▼核状屏风墙围合庭院 ©Hans Vermeulen
the claustra wall defines the perimeter of the garden

▼屏风墙近景,closer view ©Hans Vermeulen

▼阴凉的入口,shady entrance ©Hans Vermeulen

Aectual的首席执行官Hans Vermeulen说:“大规模工业3D打印技术逐渐成熟,该项目完美地展示了我们的数字设计算法如何在定制设计和按需生产中为设计师提供灵活性。”

据悉,3D打印是目前可持续及美观程度最高的方式,该展馆的立面嵌板均在迪拜进行设计,并在阿姆斯特丹制造,大幅减少了建筑产品的运输过程。同时,附加的3D打印工艺在制造过程中实现了零浪费。总的来说,Aectual的技术使该项目比传统建筑减少了80%的二氧化碳排放量。更重要的一点是,2022园艺博览会阿联酋馆所使用的3D打印部件皆可在使用后粉碎,并被重新打印成新的产品,实现百分百循环。这种“循环服务”是Aectual公司所有室内产品和建筑系统所具备的标准功能,为每个新产品的生命周期减少80%的二氧化碳排放量。

▼3D打印现场,3D printing site

“Large scale industrial 3D printing is coming of age” says Hans Vermeulen, CEO of Aectual “This project demonstrates beautifully how our digital design algorithms give designers flexibility in tailored design and on-demand production.”

3D printing proved to be the most sustainable and aesthetic way to manufacture the design. All panels were designed in Dubai and manufactured locally in Amsterdam, drastically reducing the transport of building products. Also, the additive 3D printing process created zero waste in the manufacturing process. In general, Aectual’s technology leads to an 80% CO2% reduction compared to conventional building methods.  But most importantly, all 3D printed parts used in the UAE Pavilion at Floriade Expo 2022 can be shredded after use and re-printed into new products, making them 100% circular. This ‘Circular Service’ is a standard feature for all Aectual’s interior products and architectural systems, creating an additional 80% CO2 reduction on every new product life cycle.

▼打印成果,print results ©Hans Vermeulen

阿联酋馆以“盐水城市:海陆交汇处”为主题,展示了阿联酋在克服沙漠和海洋交汇处生活挑战的过程中向繁荣和可持续城市发展的创新之旅。展馆提供多感官的体验,设有盐水花园和长廊,展示了阿联酋自然环境中心的几种盐生植物、耐盐植物,此外,展馆还设有盐生植物展廊和沉浸式装置,将游客引至海草草地。

The UAE Pavilion, titled, “Salt Water Cities: where land meets sea,” presents the UAE’s unique journey to innovate and overcome the challenges of living in an ecotone of desert and sea to grow thriving, sustainable cities. The pavilion offers a multi-sensory experience, including a saltwater garden and gallery featuring several halophytes, salt-tolerant plants, central to the UAE’s natural environment, and includes a halophyte gallery, and an immersive installation to transport visitors to a seagrass meadow.

▼内庭院,inner courtyard ©Hans Vermeulen

▼庭院内种有盐生植物,garden with halophytes ©Hans Vermeulen

▼墙体内外空间对比,comparison of interior and exterior spaces ©Hans Vermeulen

2022世界园艺博览会是领先的展览和园艺节,每十年在荷兰举办一次。今年是有史以来的第七届,中心主题为“成长的绿色城市”。博览会于阿尔梅勒举办,每天上午10点至晚上7点开放,直到2022年10月9日结束。

The International Horticultural Exhibition Floriade Expo 2022 is a leading exhibition and garden festival that takes place in the Netherlands once a decade. This year will be the seventh in its history and has a central theme of ‘Growing Green Cities. It is located in the city of Almere and open daily from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. up to 9 October 2022.

▼材质细部,details ©Hans Vermeulen

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