The residential development located on Rue Castagnary brings together a hybrid program within one building, in all its length and narrowness. Composed of 245 apartments and collective facilities, including a sports hall and a multipurpose hall, the program is aimed towards three types of users: students, young workers, and migrant workers. The proposed architecture exploits the limits and potentials of the site in order to optimize the interior spaces, offering its residents pleasant and comfortable spaces, which is essential to the social dynamics that take place within the building. Through its formal expression and its materiality, the architecture seeks to forge a strong and intimate relationship with its urban environment, while still preserving the privacy of residents.
▼项目概览，general view ©Julien Lanoo
▼临街远观，distant view from the street ©Julien Lanoo
The choice to assert the linearity of the project has resulted in an optimized, repetitive layout and a flexible floor plan that allows for future mutability. All apartments benefit from natural light. The residences for students and young workers are organized around a naturally lit central corridor, while the migrant workers’ apartments, where the plot is the narrowest, are articulated by a partially glazed corridor offering (secondary) views of the train tracks. The first level accommodates the sports and multipurpose rooms. They open up to the city, thus forging a connection with the urban character of Rue Castagnary. The entrance halls and the vertical circulation paths are located towards the street. Where the thickness of the building allows for it, these passages create links to the back garden, thus benefiting from natural light and participating in the urban animation by offering diverse views to the inhabitants. The external emergency stairs free up collective terraces where the different users can meet. Apart from the technical areas, all flat roofs are vegetated (the top-level roof as well the roof of the commercial ground floor); they contribute to the visual pleasure of the higher buildings of the surroundings and the retention of rainwater on the parcel, promoting the inertia of the building in winter. The site is located in an urban environment benefiting from nearby landscaped areas, such as the Georges-Brassens Park and the green strip that runs along the Boulevards des Maréchaux to the southwest, and the project extends the presence of nature all through the length of its site. To the rear, the garden along the entire length of the building is an additional element of visual well-being between the project and the railways.
▼建筑与铁路之间由绿化带相隔，the building and railways are separated by green belts ©Julien Lanoo
▼建筑近景，closer view of the building ©Julien Lanoo
▼屋顶露台，roof terrace ©Julien Lanoo
▼露台上设置太阳板，solar panels on the terrace ©Julien Lanoo
The choice of materials is durable and low-maintenance. The façade, the guardrails of the apartments and the collective staircases are in metal, unifying the building’s complex. The system of louvers reflects and retracts the natural light towards the interior of the housing. The building, with its concrete structure with a high thermal inertia, and the façade, with its veil of the central circulation, are designed to achieve flexibility. The façade, anchored in the concrete edifice, forms a lintel braced by the cages and sprockets. Intermediate cross walls with an optimized seven-meter- long span free up the floor plan for a future mutability: the building will thus be able to evolve and accommodate new uses, thus contributing to the mutability of the concept.
▼建筑一角，a corner of the building ©Julien Lanoo
▼立面采用金属材质，the facade is made of metal ©Julien Lanoo
▼百叶反射阳光，louvers reflect sunlight ©Julien Lanoo
▼局部，details ©Julien Lanoo
Echoing this slender plot and the narrowness of Rue Castagnary, the linear building forms a subtle shift between the adjoining vegetated slope, the project’s mineral forecourt, and the garden to the rear along the railroad tracks. This architectural gesture evokes the fuselage of a train, it delicately marks the angle of the site and affirms the uniqueness of the building and the narrowness of the plot, thereby enhancing its relationship to the site. The finesse and lightness of the façade, as well as its materiality, contribute to the simple yet dense programme on the site. The architecture responds subtly to its urban context, the city lights, the different seasons and their colours, and the interior life of the residence. The alternating filter device forges a permanent variation of our visual sensation of the façade: its reflections and its abstract patterns dematerialize our perception of the project.
▼公共空间，common space ©Julien Lanoo
▼交通空间，circulation space ©Julien Lanoo
▼公寓内部，apartment interior ©Julien Lanoo
▼立面夜景，the facade by night ©Julien Lanoo
▼外观夜景，external view by night ©Julien Lanoo
▼首层平面图，first floor plan ©TANK
▼公寓层平面图，apartment floor plan ©TANK
Project: Student residence, hostel for young workers, and social residence with 245 housing units
Type: mixed-use, residential
Adress: Rue Castagnary, Paris, France
Completed time: 2021
Size: 7 553 m²
Client: Paris Habitat OPH
Lead architect: Noëlie Courier, Evaïne Agré
Team TANK: Thomas Harbonnier
Structure: BECT Paris
Photos: Julien Lanoo