▼项目视频，Video © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
The Sanxingdui site, which has been excavated on a large scale since the 1980s, has attracted the attention of people all over the country because of its scientific and artistic value. In 2021, with a new round of archaeological excavation, the total number of cultural relics has been greatly expanded. The existing exhibition hall built in 1997 can no longer meet the needs of cultural relics collection and display. With the title of “floating and traveling”, China Architectural Design and Research Group rises a new architectural design solution for the new Sanxingdui Museum.
▼项目概览，Preview © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
Thoughts on Characteristics of Sanxingdui Museum
Although the research on Sanxingdui has been advancing step by step with the excavation, there are still many unsolved points in terms of dating, inheritance, cultural meaning, etc. Therefore, the understanding of Sanxingdui appears to be “dynamic” , it seems that the museum hosts it is not suitable for the display method that is accustomed to using chronological history as a clue. Moreover, in addition to providing display functions, this new venue also undertakes the functions of storing and researching cultural relics. The architectural design should respond to the particularity of Sanxingdui.
▼清晨鸟瞰，Aerial view in the morning © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
The old Sanxingdui Museum (hereinafter referred to as the No. 2 Hall) was completed in 1997. After that, various facilities and buildings were built in the park. As the excavation goes, there was not enough space to accommodate cultural relics. The new Sanxingdui Museum was stationed in this park., it is necessary to think about the relationship with the existing buildings in the park to achieve a coordinated state.
▼崔愷院士手稿，Design concept by CUI Kai
Unlike the museums in the city, the Sanxingdui Museum is located in an under-development block west of the downtown area of Guanghan. Judging from the surrounding natural conditions, the new Sanxingdui Museum is located on the south bank of the Yazi River. This section of the river belongs to the core area of the Wetland Nature Reserve. Snow-capped mountains can be seen in the distance. The natural resources are exceptionally superior. Above ground, the protection of wetlands needs to be considered at the same time, and attention should be paid to the risk of flood damage.
▼中轴鸟瞰，Central axis © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
▼二号馆与鸭子河，Sanxingdui Museum and the Yazi River © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
Design strategy analysis
Respect the wetland
The design plan makes full use of the well-developed water network and vegetation on the site, and restores the ground to an original ecological wetland park to reproduce the living environment of primitive civilization. The main body of the building is suspended on the base in a light posture under the support of the tube array, so that the park landscape and the Yazi River are continuously connected and integrated. Make full use of the current landscape resources of the park, plan the functions of each section of the park, effectively manage rainwater and floods, and present a harmonious environment of “friendship with water”. The building and the environment are fully integrated, and the scene-reproducing exhibition hall and public service area are embedded into the wetland park, making the outdoor landscape the background of the indoor space, creating an immersive experience effect.
▼沿河效果，View from the river front © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
▼悬浮之姿与水为友，The floating volumes show “friendship with water” © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
Responding to the characteristics of multi-point dispersed parks
Fully respect the existing multi-point and scattered pattern of the park, and turn the scattered museums into a museum that integrates the museum and the park. The construction of the new hall fully considers maintaining the core position of Hall No. 2 and the cultural corridor, and achieves the overall balance of the park space. The park has multiple entrances and exits. In addition to the single path entering the park through the visitor center, it also expands the path to the museum in the direction of Yazi River on the north side, and designs the ramp on the west side to strengthen the traffic connection with the old No. 2 Hall. In the future, the park will become a scenic park, and even citizens who do not visit the museum can enter and linger.
▼博物馆北广场入口，Entrance at the north square © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
▼游客接待中心，Visitor center © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
Dealing with the relationship with the original No. 2 Hall
The existing buildings in the park © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
With the strategy of integrating the museum and garden, while maintaining the iconic status of the No. 2 Hall Park, it will create a new landmark of Guanghan culture. A group of thick and powerful tube arrays stand on the original ecological wetland, which dissolves the huge volume of the building and seeks to coordinate with the old buildings in the park in scale. The 20-meter-high and 420-meter-long building is looming among the tall and dense woods, and Hall 2 maintains the iconic status of its park with its absolute height of 40 meters. On the west side of the new building, the No. 2 building is set aside 85 meters to give the old building enough respect and space buffer. The mysterious curve shape language of the new hall perfectly echoes and integrates with the form language of the spiral curve of the second hall. The roof shape of each cylinder corresponds to the unique cultural symbols of Sanxingdui.
▼二号馆与园区内已有建筑，The No. 2 Hall and the existing buildings in the park © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
▼面向二号馆的西侧入口，The west entrance facing the No. 2 Hall © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
Bring the exhibits back into context
The exhibition design in line with the characteristics of Sanxingdui cultural relics is created in the context of modern situations, allowing the exhibits to return to their original context. The characteristics of Sanxingdui cultural relics are small in scale and unclear dating and staging, which makes it unsuitable for the conventional exhibition halls that are too square and closed, and the partially curved and circuitous exhibition path is more conducive to the immersive roaming experience of the audience and stimulates the desire to explore the unknown.
▼综合陈列区流动的展示空间为不同展陈模式提供了可能性，The partially curved and circuitous exhibition path is more conducive to the immersive roaming experience of the audience © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
In the new pavilion, the basic exhibition areas have canceled their respective closed boundaries and are spatially integrated. A dazzling array of utensils are piled up in a suspended showcase. Under the contrast of the display lights, they are combined with the virtual and real multimedia content, just like the treasures “floating” in the long river of history. Through the dark filter glass curtain wall, the scenery outside the window is looming, becoming the natural background of the exhibits. In addition, we introduce the concept of combination of library and exhibition, so that visitors can experience the sense of presence and experience of archaeological research. It is no longer a sitting museum in the general sense, and it is hoped that the new museum can become a place that invites all visitors to explore the ancient Sanxingdui culture together.
▼一层展厅，Exhibition hall on the ground floor © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
Shaping the divine space
▼视频，Video © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
The mysterious ancient Shu civilization of Sanxingdui is expressed through the space experience that shapes the divinity. The six cylinders become the core exhibition hall: the mystery of Sanxingdui’s national treasures is displayed in an artistic space language. Down to the ground along the cylindrical exhibition hall, it is a scene reproduction exhibition hall embedded in the wetland. The semi-transparent glass interface makes the primitive and wild wetland landscape the background of the exhibits. When walking up to the roof garden layer, the continuous roof becomes an idyllic landscape of vertical and horizontal fields, and various public cultural activities can be held.
▼核心展厅设置在筒体内，以艺术化的空间语言展现出三星堆国宝重器之神秘，The cylinders become the core exhibition hall. The mystery of Sanxingdui’s national treasures is displayed in an artistic space language © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
▼场景再现式展厅，半透的玻璃界面让原始蛮荒的湿地景观成为展品的背景，A scene reproduction exhibition hall embedded in the wetland © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
▼屋顶的黄昏，Roof terrace in the sunset © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
▼结构体系，Structural system © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
With innovative structural systems and technical means, a museum with flexible layout and sustainable renewal will be built.
The multi-tube supporting large-span space steel truss structure system has formed a unique large-scale overhead treatment method. The clear height of the exhibition hall is more than 5 meters, which fully meets the exhibition needs of large-span and large-load without columns. The section of each cylinder has its own characteristics, with different floor heights of 9-20 meters to suit a variety of themes and cultural relics display. The organic combination of the vertical members of the reinforced concrete cylinder and the horizontal members of the steel structure optimizes the building’s performance in earthquake resistance, flood control, and impermeability.
▼筒状结构内的展厅，Exhibition space in cylinders © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
The scientific research office and cultural relics warehouse area are efficiently and centrally arranged, suspended above the ground to effectively prevent flood hazards. The vertical equipment system is integrated into the solid cylinder wall, and the horizontal equipment pipe network is integrated into the 1.5-meter-thick cavity floor and ceiling; the emergency evacuation system is integrated into the cylinder wall, ensuring safe and efficient emergency evacuation and the integrity of the exhibition space.
▼黄昏鸟瞰，Aerial view in the evening © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
▼总平面图，Master plan © 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司
历史顾问 陈同滨 刘翔宇
建筑专业 黄鹤鸣 李孟书 崔杨波 王众瓛 蒋楚篁 张迪 刘健 蔡文（以下为实习生）张雨 尹肖同 郑志强 孙燕妮
室内专业 张哲婧 杨昊然 孔嘉伟
景观专业 关午军 白建立 滕依晨 王悦 杨宛迪 朱雅晖 韩迅
结构专业 任庆英 刘文珽 李森 刘子傲
展陈咨询 韩永 李江