在Bjarke Ingels和Brian Yang的领导下，丹麦事务所Bjarke Ingels Group（BIG）赢得了布拉格伏尔塔瓦爱乐音乐厅的国际建筑设计竞赛。这一经过国际评审团层层筛选做出的决定由布拉格市政府及其规划和发展研究所（IPR Prague）在建筑和城市规划中心（CAMP）举办的晚宴上正式宣布。赢得大奖的设计方案未来将在布拉格的Holešovice区域落成。该设计不仅关注建筑本身，更为公共空间提出了创新性的解决方案——让河岸变得通畅易达，并将音乐厅的户外露台和屋顶向所有人平等地开放。
Prague has announced the winner of the international architectural competition for the design of the Vltava Philharmonic Hall, which is the team of the Danish studio Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG), led by Bjarke Ingels and Brian Yang. The decision of the international jury was announced by the City of Prague together with its Institute of Planning and Development (IPR Prague) during a gala evening at the Center for Architecture and Metropolitan Planning (CAMP). The winning design of the modern music center, which will be built in Prague’s Holešovice in the future, does not only work with the building itself, but also brings imaginative solutions for the public space, envisages making the river bank accessible and opens up the Philharmonic Hall’s outdoor terraces, including the roof, to everyone equally.
▼布拉格伏尔塔瓦爱乐音乐厅获胜方案，Vltava Philharmonic Hall – winning proposal © Mozses
国际竞赛评审团主席Michal Sedláček表示：“获奖方案的遴选需要考虑到多个方面。爱乐音乐厅的位置原本不利于人群的聚集，因此本次设计不仅仅要关注建筑及其运作，还需考虑到周围地区的公共空间。伏尔塔瓦爱乐音乐厅将成为伏尔塔瓦街上的一座充满活力的中心——一座新的城市公园将从建筑所在位置向东部延伸；南侧将开辟通向水面的路径；西侧将新建一个广场；北侧将带来面向 Bubny-Zátory新区的视野。建筑本身则可以从各个方向和楼层进入。”
“Many aspects had to be taken into account when selecting the winning design. The site for the philharmonic hall currently complicates the opportunity for people to meet instead of encouraging it, so the emphasis was not only on the architecture and operation of the building, but also on the design of the public spaces in the surrounding area. The Vltava Philharmonic Hall will become a vibrant center of life in Vltavská street – a new city park will stretch eastwards from the building, the south side will open up access to the water, a square will be created on the west side and there will be a view of the new Bubny-Zátory district to the north. The building itself will be accessible from all directions and levels,” says Michal Sedláček, chairman of the competition’s jury.
▼BIG获胜方案 – 场地鸟瞰，BIG’s proposal: Site aerial view © BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group
▼伏尔塔瓦爱乐音乐厅将成为伏尔塔瓦街上的一座充满活力的中心，The Vltava Philharmonic Hall will become a vibrant center of life in Vltavská street © Mozses
The ambition of the Vltava Philharmonic Hall is to attract not only classical music fans, but also the general public. The winning design by the BIG studio envisages the construction of three halls, but it will also house the music department and the creative hub of the Municipal Library of Prague, visitors can look forward to a café or rooftop restaurant, and many will certainly take advantage of the educational activities on offer. In the case of the Vltava Philharmonic, the roof will be a continuation of the public space of the square – the stepped form will allow those interested to climb to the top without having to enter the building, so everyone will be able to enjoy a unique panoramic view of the whole of Prague.
▼阶梯的形式可以让感兴趣的游客在不进入建筑的情况下抵达屋顶，The stepped form will allow those interested to climb to the top without having to enter the building © BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group
The authors of the design turn to Šumava, to the sources of the Vltava River – this is where the wood that will be used in the construction of the building should come from. The wooden ceilings will permeate from the exterior to the interior, symbolically highlighting the theme of the Vltava Philharmonic Hall’s openness to its surroundings. Emphasis will also be placed on the implementation of glass, another element typical of the Czech Republic, which dominates the facade of the building.
▼向周围环境开放，Open to the surroundings © Mozses
The Vltava Philharmonic will also be the home of two orchestras – the Prague Symphony Orchestra FOK and the Czech Philharmonic. Both orchestras will find adequate residential spaces here, but also facilities for expanding their educational programs for the public. Music schools of various levels will also be involved and will be able to use the Vltava Philharmonic Hall’s facilities for their teaching. Representatives of the Czech Philharmonic and the Prague Symphony Orchestra FOK, as well as the Municipal Library in Prague, participated in the preparation of the architectural competition brief and were invited to jury the competition, thus being able to comment on the needs of individual entities.
▼音乐厅内部，Concert hall interior view © Mozses
The new Vltava Philharmonic Hall building will help kick-start the transformation of one of Prague’s most important brownfield sites – the new Bubny-Zátory district should be built in its place, which will eventually become home to 25,000 residents in 11,000 apartments. Construction work is expected to start in 2027, and the new concert hall should be completed in 10 years, i.e. in 2032.
▼城市夜景，City view by night © BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group
关于竞赛 | The competition
2021年8月底，布拉格市政府与布拉格规划和发展研究所（IPR Prague）共同宣布了伏尔塔瓦爱乐音乐厅的国际建筑设计竞赛。共有来自25个国家的115个团队参加了比赛，5家知名事务所被提前邀请参赛。2021年11月，国际评审团公布了决赛入围团队，他们共计提交了19份竞赛方案，其中包括2022年5月选出的获胜方案。除了BIG外，排名前五的事务所还包括：Barozzi Veiga + Atelier M1, Bevk Perović Arhitekti, Petr Hájek Architekti和Snøhetta.
The international architectural competition for the design of the Vltava Philharmonic Hall was announced by the City of Prague together with the Prague Institute of Planning and Development (IPR Prague) at the end of August 2021. A total of 115 teams from 25 countries entered the competition, and 5 renowned architectural studios were also invited to participate in advance. In November 2021, the international jury announced the selected finalists – who submitted 19 competition entries from which the winner emerged in May 2022. In addition to BIG, other companies that ranked high include Barozzi Veiga + Atelier M1, Bevk Perović Arhitekti, Petr Hájek Architekti, Snøhetta.
决赛入围事务所完整名单 | Finalists
ALA + OV-A, MVRDV, OFFICE KGDVS + Christ & Gantenbein, Mecanoo + CHYBIK+KRISTOF, Barozzi Veiga + Atelier M1, Sou Fujimoto Architects, Cobe + Lundgaard & Tranberg Architects, ŠÉPKA ARCHITEKTI, Bjarke Ingels Group, Henning Larsen Architects, Carrilho da Graça Arquitectos, JAJA Architects, Bevk Perović Arhitekti, Petr Hájek Architekti, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Snøhetta, Ateliers Jean Nouvel, David Chipperfield Architects + Jakub Cigler architekti, SANAA.
▼竞赛第二名方案，事务所：Barozzi Veiga + Atelier M1
Awarded 2nd place – Barozzi Veiga + Atelier M1
▼竞赛第三名方案，事务所：Bevk Perović Arhitekti
Awarded 3rd place – Bevk Perović Arhitekti
▼竞赛第四名方案，事务所：Petr Hájek Architekti
Awarded 4th place – Petr Hájek Architekti
Awarded 5th place – Snøhetta
Project name: Vltava Philharmonic Hall
Studio: Bjarke Ingels Group
Author : Bjarke Ingels
Project location: Prague, Czech Republic
Project year: 2022
Completion year: 2032
Client: Institute of Planning and Development (IPR Prague) & The City of Prague
Client’s website: www.iprpraha.cz
Project website: www.vltavskafilharmonie.cz
Collaborator: AED PROJECT – Aleš Marek, Šárka Schneiderová; John Henley, Karel Košek, Tomáš Hrádek; NAGATA ACOUSTICS – Marc Quiquerez, Neza Kravanja; THEATRE PROJECTS – Findlay Ross, Mark Stroomer; BURO HAPPOLD – George Keliris, Kostis Lysikatos, Michael Keverne; SYSTEMATICA – Tiffanie Yamashita; FRONT – Marc Simmons, Jill Fredrickson