作为North Creek Collective团队的一份子,MVRDV为温哥华市提出了一系列建议,通过调整滨水建筑、景观和基础设施以适应不断上升的海平面。该项目回应了 Sea2City设计挑战赛,旨在探索温哥华市中心水域福溪(False Creek)的城市未来发展。该项目呈现了一个完整的适应性建筑设计策略合集,其目标是激励世界各地的其他沿海城市立即采取行动以适应气候变化。

MVRDV, as part of a team named North Creek Collective, has presented a series of proposals for the City of Vancouver, to adapt waterfront buildings, landscape and infrastructure to accommodate to rising sea levels. The collective responded to the Sea2City Design Challenge meant to investigate the urban future of False Creek, a body of water in the heart of Vancouver. The project resulted in an extensive catalogue of options for adaptive buildings. With it, the makers aim to inspire other coastal cities around the world to undertake immediate action to adapt to climate change.

▼MVRDV制作的“海平面上升应对策略合集”,Sea Level Rise Catalogue by MVRDV ©MVRDV

海平面上升是一项全球性挑战。许多繁荣的城市都位于水边,因此,气候变化引起的海平面上升,加上风暴潮、干旱和地面沉降等事件威胁着全球城市。对这些挑战的典型反应是用更高的防洪屏障和堤坝来抵御水流。然而,这种方法通常会限制前滩吸收波浪能、风暴潮和径流的自然能力,从而使城市的洪水灾害事件更加恶化。那么,如果城市学会与水合作而不是与它为敌会会怎么样呢?

Sea level rise is a global challenge. Many thriving cities are located on the waterside, and so a climate-change-induced rise in sea level, combined with increases in storm surges, droughts, and land subsidence, threatens cities globally. Typical responses to these challenges have been to resist the water with higher flood barriers and dikes. However, such approaches often worsen flooding in cities, limiting the natural ability of the foreshore to absorb wave energy, storm surge and run-off. What if cities learned to work with water, rather than against it?

▼温哥华海边现状概览,current status of the sea front in Vancouver ©MVRDV

▼海边2040年愿景,the sea front in Vancouver in 2040 ©MVRDV

MVRDV的“海平面上升应对策略合集”(Sea Level Rise Catalogue)给出了调整滨水建筑和基础设施以适应和吸收入侵洪水的可行解决方案。该合集补充了MVRDV在温哥华Sea2City设计挑战赛中的竞选方案,该比赛旨在邀请各方团队共同畅想福溪沿岸城市空间的未来。福溪是温哥华市中心的一片水域,汇聚了该市的许多重要景点。该策略合集所提出的建议有助于使温哥华在未来成为一个更具弹性和包容性的城市。

As part of a team named the North Creek Collective, MVRDV has made a catalogue of possible solutions for adapting waterfront buildings and infrastructure to accommodate and absorb encroaching water. This Sea Level Rise Catalogue supplements their entry to the City of Vancouver’s Sea2City Design Challenge, which invited teams to investigate the urban future of False Creek, a body of water in the heart of Vancouver that is home to a number of the city’s major attractions. The proposals of this catalogue contribute to making Vancouver a more resilient and inclusive city in the future.

▼MVRDV畅想的未来滨水城市,MVRDV’s vision for future seafront cities ©MVRDV

“在应对福溪下个世纪的发展过程中,我们仔细研究了温哥华的背景——从那里曾经发现过的建筑类型到城市和当地原住民的社区价值观,如Musqueam、Squamish和Tsleil-Waututh,对福溪来说这是一个重要的遗址”,MVRDV创始合伙人Nathalie de Vries说。 “我们的方法和想法也可以适应其他地方的新环境,有了海平面对应策略合集,温哥华可以成为全球领导者,向其他城市展示通往未来的道路。海平面上升是一个挑战,将影响全球城市,从美国迈阿密到印度尼西亚马尼拉。”

“In tackling the next century of False Creek’s development, we looked closely at the context of Vancouver – considering everything from the types of building already found there, to the community values of the city and local First Nations, such as Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil- Waututh, for whom this is an important site”, says MVRDV founding partner Nathalie de Vries. “With our approach, we offer ideas that can also be adapted to new contexts elsewhere; with the Sea Level Rise Catalogue, Vancouver can become a global leader, showing other cities a way into the future. Sea level rise is a challenge that will impact cities globally, from Miami to Manila.”

▼Cooper公园2040年愿景,the Cooper’s Park in 2040 ©MVRDV

“海平面上升应对策略合集”提供了调整现有建筑物和区域、开发新结构时将海平面上升纳入考量范围内等等示例。它包括带有社区梯田式防洪联排别墅的垂直延伸策略,中层建筑剥离回其结构骨架以适应灵活的公共项目,以及高层建筑作为连接陆路和水路交通的交通枢纽。

新建筑的想法包括漂浮的栖息岛、适应性房屋、办公室、体育设施和文化空间;混合用途的高层建筑和高层平台上的小社区、一个水陆两用的随着潮汐而涨落的餐厅、以及内陆开发项目,通过结合可渗透的地面覆盖物、社区空间和雨水缓冲区来增强城市的抗洪能力。

The Sea Level Rise Catalogue offers examples for both adapting existing buildings and areas, developing new structures with sea level rise in mind. It includes vertical extensions of flood-adaptive townhouses with community terraces, mid-rises stripped back to their structural skeletons to accommodate flexible public programmes, and high-rises serving as mobility hubs to connect land- and water-based transport.

Ideas for new constructions include floating habitat islands, adaptive houses, offices, sports facilities, and cultural spaces; mixed-use high-rises and small neighbourhoods on stilts; an amphibious restaurant that rises and falls in response to the tide; and inland developments that bolster the city’s flood resilience by incorporating permeable ground coverings, community spaces, and rainwater buffers.

▼不同尺度的设计策略共同构建未来滨水环境,different scales of strategies forms future seafront environment ©MVRDV

▼“海平面上升应对策略合集”内包含了不同的应对策略,Sea Level Rise Catalogue contains multiple strategies ©MVRDV

▼尊重景观区域的建筑设计原则,principles that respect landscape zones ©MVRDV

“海平面上升应对策略合集”概述了城市在调整现有结构和建造新结构时应在新设计中考虑的六项基本原则。从为地下结构寻找新的防洪用途,到开发高架人行道,这些原则旨在确保建筑物和基础设施能够与水共存——无论是每天适应越来越高的潮汐,还是为未来频发的风暴潮做好应对策略。

The catalogue outlines six fundamental principles that cities should consider in new designs, both when adapting existing structures and constructing new ones. From finding new, flood-proof uses for underground structures, to the development of raised walkways, these principles are designed to ensure that buildings and infrastructure can coexist with water – whether that involves accommodating higher tides on a daily basis, or being prepared for more frequent storm surges.

▼海边2040年愿景,the sea front in Vancouver in 2040 ©MVRDV

▼Cooper公园2040年愿景,the Cooper’s Park in 2040 ©MVRDV

至关重要的是,每个想法都伴随着潜在的“双赢”效果:设计带来的积极影响使城市更加公平、可持续和宜居,此外还有解决海平面上升的能力。从纳入可再生能源到增加住房供应,从增加公共空间到改善生物多样性,每项提案除了与水的关系之外,还提供了一些其他内容,有助于确保各利益相关方的广泛支持。结合起来,North Creek Collective为福溪和“海平面上升应对策略合集”创造的长期愿景不仅可以重新构想温哥华与海滨的关系,还可以为世界各地的沿海城市提供指路明灯,展示如何迈向一个适应性强、有弹性、可持续的未来。

Crucially, each idea is accompanied by an explanation of potential “win-wins”: positive impacts the design can offer that make the city more equitable, sustainable, and liveable, in addition to their ability to address sea level rise. From incorporating renewable energy sources, to increasing housing provision, and from adding public spaces to improving biodiversity, each proposal offers something in addition to its relationship to the water that can help to ensure widespread support among various stakeholders. When combined, the long-term visions created by the North Creek Collective for False Creek and the Sea Level Rise Catalogue could serve not only to reimagine Vancouver’s relationship to its waterfront, but also to provide a guiding light to coastal cities all over the world, showing how to move towards an adaptive, resilient, sustainable future.

▼漂浮岛屿,floating habitats ©MVRDV

▼适应性强的社区,adaptive community ©MVRDV

▼中层建筑应对策略,strategies for mid-rise buildings ©MVRDV

▼高层建筑应对策略,strategies for high-rise buildings ©MVRDV

MVRDV作为MVRDV+PWL团队的一份子发了“海平面上升应对策略合集”,该团队还包括PWL Partnership Landscape Architects、Deltares和Modern Formline Design,并得到了WestMar Advisors、G.L. Williams & Associates、Happy City、Modus和Goudappel的支持。

MVRDV developed the Sea Level Rise Catalogue as part of team MVRDV + PWL, which also included PWL Partnership Landscape Architects, Deltares, and Modern Formline Design, with support from WestMar Advisors, G.L. Williams & Associates, Happy City, Modus, and Goudappel.

Location: Vancouver, Canada
Client: City of Vancouver Year: 2022
Programme: Urban vision
Architect: MVRDV
Principal in charge: Nathalie de Vries
Partner: Enno Zuidema
Design team:
Kristina Knauf, Stijn Lanters, Başak Günalp, Antonio Luca Coco, Stefania Trozzi, Angelo La Delfa
Visualization
Images: MVRDV
Copyright: MVRDV – (Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries)
Partners
Contractor: City of Vancouver
Landscape engineer: PWL Partnership Landscape Architects Inc., Vancouver, Canada
Environmental advisor: Deltares, Delft, Netherlands
Cultural advisor: Modern Formline Design, Vancouver, Canada
Advisory groups: Westmar Advisors, Modus, Goudappel, The Happy City

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