A grade II-listed viaduct dating back to Victorian times has been restored and reinvented in a pilot scheme led by the National Trust and designed by Twelve Architects. The Castlefield Viaduct, which is made of cast-iron and steel and was once used to transport goods in and out of the city, has been transformed into a green space that is accessible for all.
▼项目鸟瞰，bird eye view of the project ©David Bewick
Supported by Manchester City Council, Greater Manchester Combined Authority and members of the local community, the National Trust was responsible for delivering the first phase of the project in the form of a temporary park and pilot installation. Throughout the year, members of the public will be given the opportunity to visit and experience the park first-hand, whilst giving their feedback about the plans. Gaining feedback from the community is a key step in shaping the vision for the second phase of the project: the permanent regeneration of the viaduct.
▼高架桥周边城景，the surrounding environments of the project ©David Bewick
The viaduct has stood unused since 1969 when Manchester Central station closed, with only essential repairs and maintenance carried out since, leaving the bridge exposed to the elements and covered in shrubs. The pilot concept seeks to marry the city’s proud industrial heritage with a modern urban park concept. To achieve this, Twelve Architects has worked closely with the landscape team at the National Trust to devise three unique zones, which take visitors on a journey of discovery from the viaduct that ‘is’ to the viaduct that ‘could be’.
▼花园景观概览，overview of the garden ©David Bewick
Visitors enter the viaduct through a welcome area, which contains a welcome kiosk, seating and toilets for those waiting to begin their pre-booked tours. Like with curtains at a theatre, visitors are presented with a green screen ‘living wall’, which obstructs their view of the viaduct, leaving them in eager anticipation of what they will discover in the next phase of their journey. At a timed intervals people pass the green screen and enter the next stretch of the viaduct. With minimal architectural or landscaping intervention, this zone focuses on showcasing the existing structure and inviting visitors to imagine potential future interventions.
▼入口区概览，overview of the welcome area ©David Bewick
Twelve Architects的创始董事Matt Cartwright说：“我们希望鼓励游客发现和享受这个独特的空间，它向塑造该地区历史的经典工业结构致敬。与英国国民信托组织、曼彻斯特市政厅和当地社区合作开展这个项目是一种巨大的荣幸，我希望公众同意我们未来应该持续为这座标志性构筑物带来新的生机。”
Matt Cartwright, Founding Director at Twelve Architects, said: “We want to encourage visitors to discover and enjoy this distinctive space, which pays homage to the classic industrial structure which has shaped this area’s history. Working on this project with the National Trust, Manchester City Council and the local community has been a huge privilege, and I hope the public agree that bringing new life to this iconic structure is something we should build on in the future.”
▼秘密花园，the secrete garden ©Twelve Architects
英国国民信托组织城市地方负责人Duncan Laird补充说：“英国国民信托组织及更广泛的团队，包括Twelve Architects，对Castlefield高架桥的设计开发采用了学院派的手法，从而产生了高质量的成品项目。我们期待听到公众对这个空间未来的看法。”
Duncan Laird, Head of Urban Places at the National Trust, added: “The National Trust and its wider team, including Twelve Architects, took a collegiate approach to Castlefield Viaduct’s design development, which has resulted in a high-quality finished project. We look forward to hearing what the public have to say about the future of the space.”
▼秘密花园，the secrete garden ©Twelve Architects
At the third zone visitors are introduced to the viaduct that ‘could be’. This includes a garden filled with plants and shrubs contained within red COR-TEN steel planters, a respectful nod to the classic industrial red brick buildings so typical of the area. The placement of the planters references the effect people experience when travelling on a train, as objects rhythmically appear and disappear, allowing the eye to focus on the new planters in the foreground, with spaces between them to frame the long distance views of the surroundings.
▼第三区的花园，the garden at the third zone ©David Bewick
第三区还具有一个不断发展的“合作伙伴空间”，城市合作机构可以在此区域展示自己的装置。这些地块目前被Urban Wilderness、Science and Industry Museum、City of Trees和Castlefield Forum占据。项目尽头是活动大楼，设有一个大窗户，可以看到高架桥的剩余一半，完全没有新的设计介入，鼓励游客想象高架桥未来的可能性。
It also features a growing area and ‘Partner Plots’ where city partners are exhibiting their own installations. These plots are currently occupied by Urban Wilderness, the Science and Industry Museum, City of Trees and Castlefield Forum. At the end of the third zone is the events building that has a large window showing the remaining half of the viaduct, completely untouched, encouraging visitors to imagine the possibilities of the viaduct’s future.
▼由活动大楼内部看向未开发的废弃铁路，a view from the events building to the remaining half ©David Bewick
▼鼓励民众畅想未来改造计划的区域，the area that encourages people to picture the future phase of the project ©David Bewick
As well as bringing people closer to nature in the city, the regenerated viaduct will act as a stepping-stone to other green spaces and attractions in south Manchester discoverable on foot or bike, adding to the cultural offer. The historic landmark is taking its place in this vibrant area for culture and heritage, sitting alongside iconic Manchester venues including the Science and Industry Museum and The Factory.
▼由花园看向活动大楼，a view from the garden to the events building ©David Bewick
National Trust: Client
Twelve Architects and Masterplanners: Lead Consultant, Architects and Masterplanners
National Trust: Landscape Architecture, Horticulture & Planning Consultant
Arup: Structural, Civil, MEP, Lighting & Fire Engineering
Stace: Cost Management, Project Management & Principal Designer.
SWECO: Building Control
Vectos: Transport Consultant
Purcell: Heritage Statement
Royal Haskoning DHV: Contamination & Acoustic Consultancy
Urban Green: Ecology
Creative Concern, Stuco, O Street: Graphic Design & Signage
Centre for Accessible Environments: Accessibility consultants
MC Construction: Main Contractor
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