“永恒之春:气候校正机器”是由首尔现代与当代美术馆委托设计的项目,已于近日获得Architecture MasterPrize™展览与公共空间类别大奖。“永恒之春”展馆于2020年9月向公众开放,是百年纪念展览“建筑与遗产:挖掘未来”中的一项特色作品,旨在连接城市中心的户外空间,为受委托的建筑师们提供一个反思首尔现代遗产的平台,同时强调当今世界城市生活所面临的问题与未来发展。

Perpetual Spring, The Climate-Correcting Machine, a project commissioned by the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art Seoul, located in the heart of downtown Seoul, has received the Architecture MasterPrize™ (AMP) honoring international designs in various disciplines of architecture. Each submitted design in the competition was evaluated by an esteemed AMP Jury. Perpetual Spring, designed by Obra Architects, was recognized as Best of Best in the Exhibition category, as well as in the Public Space category. Opened to the public in September 2020, the Perpetual Spring pavilion served as a featured work in the centennial exhibition “Architecture and Heritage: Unearthing Future”, aiming to connect outdoor spaces at the heart of the city’s center and to provide a platform for commissioned architects to reflect upon Seoul’s modern heritage, while highlighting issues facing urban life in today’s world and its future.

▼展馆外观,Exterior view © Obra Architects

▼入口立面,Entrance facade © Obra Architects

“永恒之春”展馆被构想为一个独一无二的原型,它展示了城市社区聚集所包含的功能性:建筑作为一个可被人工控制的温室机器,有助于解决并呼吁我们关注气候变化这一紧迫的全球性问题。该展馆将建筑形式和游览体验与功能性相结合,形成一台具有气候校正功能的机器——它既是一处为激发意识而生的平台,又是一次对具体行动的邀请。

The Perpetual Spring Pavilion served as a one-of-a-kind prototype showcasing the functional aspects of urban community gathering: a building as an artificially-controlled greenhouse machine to address and bring attention to a pressing global issue of our time: climate change. Combining form and destination with function, the Pavilion was proposed as a “climate-correcting machine,” both a platform for awareness and an invitation to action.

▼展馆和美术馆庭院环境,The pavilion is located in the public courtyard of the art museum © Obra Architects

▼建筑近景,Close-up view © Obra Architects

展馆的外形就像是某种巨型昆虫的头部,它配备了150只“眼睛”,分别由直径90厘米的聚碳酸酯塑料半球体制成。这些如晶体般闪闪发亮的“眼睛”从展馆原本沉闷的金属质地中向外凸出,仿佛在一种强大的内部力量的迫使下发生膨胀。它们以一种暧昧的方式将室内与外部环境分开,同时大量地将阳光引入,有助于在秋冬的寒冷日子里保持空间的温暖。

As if it were the head of some giant insect, the Perpetual Spring Pavilion will be outfitted with 150 “eyes,” each a 90-cm diameter polycarbonate plastic semi-sphere. These crystalline luminous “eyes” bulge  out of the pavilion’s otherwise dull metallic mass as if compelled to expand by an overwhelmingly strong internal force. Ambiguously, they separate interior and exterior, while generously allowing into the space the sunshine that contributed towards keeping the space warm during the cold days of fall and winter.

▼150只“眼睛”从金属立面向外凸出,150 “eyes” bulge out of the pavilion’s otherwise dull metallic mass © Obra Architects

▼立面细节,Facade detailed view © Obra Architects

▼立面外观,Facade © Obra Architects

展馆内置入了组装人工气候校正机器所需要的设备,安装了一个可变的气候控制系统,其中包括美术馆旁边屋顶的光伏板。这些光伏板能够为自动换气扇、铝箔幕帘和相变辐射地暖系统提供动力,以稳定和平衡空间内的温度。馆内种植的小花园也有助于保持永久的春季气候条件。

Adding the equipment necessary for the assemblage of an artificial climate-correcting machine, the Pavilion was outfitted with a variable climate control system including photovoltaic panels on the museum’s nearby roof. These panels powered automatic exhaust fans, aluminum foil curtains and a phase-change radiant floor-heating system in order to stabilize and balance temperatures inside the space and preserve permanent spring weather-like conditions with a small garden growing inside the Pavilion.

▼室内环境,Interior view © Obra Architects

馆内呈现的视听展览可以让参观者实时地了解全球范围内的气候和环境数据,其中包括一个网站页面(www.earth.nullschool.net)的投影,展示了一幅由超级计算机预测的互动式动态地图,内容涉及当前的风况、天气、海洋和污染状况等,每三小时更新一次,人们可以每晚都来到“气候校正机器”内部观看。

Audio-visual displays informed visitors in real time about climatic and environmental data on a global scale, including projection of www.earth.nullschool.net, an interactive animated map of current wind, weather, ocean, and pollution conditions, as forecast by supercomputers, updated every three hours, courtesy of the artist, which was viewable every evening inside “The Climate-Correcting Machine.”

▼室内展览,Exhibition space © Obra Architects

▼展览网站,The exhibited website © Obra Architects

▼建筑夜景,Night view © Obra Architects

▼立面细节夜景,Facade detailed view by night © Obra Architects

Design Team
Obra Architects: Pablo Castro, Jennifer Lee, Jinkyung Cho, Lianyuan Ye, Margherita Tommasi, Danchu Cho, Yifan Deng, Alejandra Ahrend, Ruby Kang, Song Gan
www.obraarchitects.com
Front Inc.: Michael Ra, Hwan Kim www.frontinc.com
Obra Abim: Hojoong Kim, Anna Na www.obraabim.com
Moohan Global: Sang Jun Kim www.moohanglobal.co.kr
Mahadev Raman, Arup, Princeton University
Dongsimwon Landscape & Design Construction Co.: Gye Dong Ahn, Namjin Lee
www.dongsimwon.com
Supermass Studio: Taewook Cha www.supermassstudio.com
Alan Woo: www.alanwoo.ca
O-un: www.o-un.kr

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